Bluffer’s Guide: Fortress China[C]

布拉夫手册:中国堡垒[C]

Date:2010-01-05 Source:环球网博客 By:无定河边骨 Viewed:

4. Anti-Stealth and countermeasures / 反隐形及对策

China employs a range of “anti-stealth” and similar ‘asymmetrical’ air-defenses. These not only attempt to target stealth aircraft but also to shoot down or prevent cruise missile and precision guided weapons attack.

中国采取了大量“反隐形”和类似“不对称防空”的措施。这些措施不仅仅是要发现隐形战机,而且还要击落或阻止巡航导弹和精确制导武器的打击。

Foremost among these in my opinion are the anti-satellite program (“Space Denial”). These can disrupt/prevent GPS and spy satellites thus drastically improving the PLAs chances in any scenario with US. Also, because satellites are unmanned shooting them down is politically lightweight in times of limited warfare.

我这里所说的主要是反卫星项目(“太空绝杀”)。这些项目可以扰乱/阻止全球定位系统和间谍卫星从而全面提升中国人民解放军在与美国对阵时的获胜机会。同样,因为这些卫星上都没有人在操控,在有限战争中适时击落它们的政治影响要小的多。

The main anti-satellite weapon of PLA is a ground based ASAT missile called KS-19 by western observers. The missile resembles a ballistic missile and is possibly based on the DF-21 or DF-25 missiles. The weapon was successfully tested in 2007 shooting down a satellite at over 500km altitude.

中国人民解放军主要的反卫星武器是陆基的反卫星导弹,西方观察家们称之为KS-19。这种导弹的外形类似弹道导弹,可能是基于东风21或者东风25弹道导弹研制的。这种武器系统于2007年成功进行了测试,击落了一颗位于500公里高度轨道的卫星。

Another anti-satellite weapon that China is reported to employ is a very powerful laser. The US complained that China was dazzling their spy satellites with lasers – it’s only a question of ramping up the power and dazzling becomes destroying. The laser is probably not mobile.

据报道,中国将要部署的另外一种反卫星武器是一种非常强大的激光。美国曾经抱怨过中国使用激光干扰了他们的间谍卫星——问题的关键在于只要提升激光的功率,干扰就会变成摧毁。这一激光器可能不会是机动型的。

Both of the above systems appear relevant should China develop anti-ballistic missile weaponry also.

上述两种系统关联起来看,中国很可能也在发展反弹道导弹武器。

Closer to earth, China uses long wavelength radars which are probably able to detect stealth aircraft in some conditions, although they are not fine enough to use for engagement by missiles. Another potential ‘anti-stealth’ system are the passive detection systems which appear to be deployed with HQ-9 SAM batteries. The main noted type is the DWL002 although similar but distinct trailer mounted systems are also in service.

在更靠近地球一点的空间,中国使用的长波雷达可能能够在一定条件下侦测到隐形飞机,尽管这些长波雷达还不足以用于引导导弹展开攻击。另外一种可能的“反隐形”系统是被动侦测系统,它是在红旗9型地对空导弹系统的部署阵地上出现的。其主要型号为DWL002,但也有类似的拖车版本的车载系统在服役。

On a cheaper front there’s the Bodyguard system designed to detect laser designators and dazzle them (another explanation is that they emit duplicate laser strobes to confuse the incoming weapon).

在更靠近前线的地方,“保镖”系统将用于发现激光指示器并对其进行干扰(另外一种说法是它们会发出同样的激光信号迷惑前来攻击的武器)。

 

Air defense is also a role for the People’s Armed Police (PAP) and they conduct demonstrations of ciovic defense employing various countermeasures and even AAA. Among the curious systems employed is this MRLS, the exact role and effectiveness of which is open to question.

防空还是中国人民武装警察部队的职责之一,他们使用各种不同的手段措施甚至是防空炮来承担起群众防空的任务。在这些千奇百怪的系统中就有下面这样的多管发射系统,其真实角色和实际效果还存有疑问。

 

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