Surface Forces:The Venezuela Version

水面力量:委内瑞拉版本C-802A反舰导弹

Date:2020-11-06 Source:strategypage By:Globalmil Viewed:


November 5, 2021: In late September 2020 Venezuela announced that it had obtained some C-802A anti-ship missiles from China. Attached to the Twitter announcement as a video claiming to show a test firing of the missile from a Venezuelan warship. The video did show a warship firing a Chinese anti-ship missile but the video was of a Thailand frigate test firing a C-801 missile in 2019. The C-801 is 5.81 meters (18 feet) long, 360mm in diameter, has a max range of 42 kilometers, and weighs 636 kg (1,400 pounds) each. In entered service in 1987, after more than a decade of development. The C-801 is similar to the French Exocet and is believed to have been based on that missile. The C-801 is still exported and costs about 20 percent less than then million-dollar C-802. Most export customers for the C-801 (Iran, Yemen, Burma, but not Thailand) later bought the C-802 as well.
2021年11月5日:2020年9月下旬,委内瑞拉宣布已从中国获得一些C-802A反舰导弹。 附在Twitter声明中的视频,声称显示了委内瑞拉军舰对导弹的试射。该视频的确显示了一艘军舰发射了中国的反舰导弹,但该视频是泰国护卫舰在2019年发射的一枚C-801导弹的照片。C-801长5.81米(18英尺),直径360毫米, 最大航程为42公里,每枚重636千克(1,400磅)。经过十多年的发展,于1987年投入服役。C-801类似于法国“飞鱼”(Exocet)反舰导弹,据认为是基于该导弹。C-801仍在出口,其价格比百万美元的C-802低约20%。C-801的大多数出口客户(伊朗,也门,缅甸,但没有泰国)后来也购买了C-802。
 
The C802A is a 6.8-meter (21 foot) long, 360mm, 682 kg (1,500 pound) missile with a 165 kg (360 pound) warhead. This missile entered service in 1998. The C802 has a max range of 120 kilometers and moves along at about 250 meters a second. C802A is the export version of the Chinese Y-83. Export versions of Chinese weapons lack more advanced features. With the C802 that means less capable terminal homing radar and countermeasures for enemy anti-missile electronics.
C802A是一款6.8米(21英尺)长,弹径360毫米,682千克(1,500磅)的导弹,弹头为165千克(360磅)。该导弹于1998年开始服役。C802的最大射程为120公里,每秒飞行约250米。C802A是中国Y-83的出口版本。出口版本的中国武器缺乏更高级的功能。使用C802意味着终端制导雷达和敌方反导电子设备对抗能力较弱。

 
Iran produces its own version of the C802, which has been used in combat with mixed results. For example, two Iranian C-802 anti-ship missiles were fired at an Israeli warship off Lebanon in July 2006. Iran claimed that Israeli ship was destroyed. It wasn’t. In theory the 1,100-ton Israeli corvette could have been destroyed by the 165 kg warhead of the C-802. And why weren't the Israeli anti-missile defenses turned on? The answers finally came out, and say a lot about modern warfare. First, the C-802 missile that hit the helicopter hanger on the Israeli ship suffered from a common problem with missiles. The warhead failed to go off. The fire on the Israeli ship was caused by the half a ton of missile crashing into it with some unused fuel. The other C-802 homed in on a nearby Egyptian commercial ship and sank it. The warhead on that one did detonate. The Israeli anti-missile system was not turned on because it was found to interfere with the electronics on Israeli warplanes operating in the vicinity. This is also an increasing problem in modern warfare. There are so many electronic gadgets transmitting, that there are more cases of signals, literally, getting crossed.
伊朗生产了自己的C802版本,已用于战斗,结果不一。例如,2006年7月,在黎巴嫩两枚伊朗C-802反舰导弹向对岸的一艘以色列军舰发射。伊朗声称以色列军舰被摧毁。事实并非如此。从理论上讲,重达1100吨的以色列轻巡洋舰可能被C-802的165千克弹头摧毁。为何以色列的反导防御没有打开?答案终于出来了,并谈到了现代战争。首先,击中以色列舰上直升飞机悬挂装置的C-802导弹遇到了一个常见的导弹问题。弹头未能爆炸。以色列军舰起火的原因是半吨重导弹和一些未使用的燃料撞上造成的。另一枚C-802导引到附近的一艘埃及商船上并将其击沉。那枚弹头确实爆炸了。以色列的反导系统未开启,因为它被发现会干扰在附近作战的以色列战机上的电子设备。这也是现代战争中日益严重的问题。有如此多的电子设备在传输,以至于有更多的信号,确实地,被错过的情况。
 
Venezuela is probably receiving C802s from China, which has been supplying Venezuela with a lot of less expensive military equipment. Venezuela will use these C802s on their new Guaiquerí-class patrol boats. These are 2,400-ton ocean patrol vessels acquired in 2011. One was lost in 2012 due to an accident (running aground). These ships were not designed to carry anti-ship missiles but are large enough to have several C802 launchers installed. Existing armament includes a 76mm cannon and a 35mm multi-barrel autocannon used for air defense. There are also two 12.7mm machine-guns and a hanger for a helicopter.
委内瑞拉可能正在从中国接收C802,而中国一直在向委内瑞拉提供许多廉价的军事装备。委内瑞拉将在新的“瓜伊基尔”级巡逻舰上使用这些C802。这些是2011年购置的2,400吨远洋巡逻舰。其中一艘在2012年因事故(搁浅)而损失。 这些舰只并非设计为了携带反舰导弹,但其大小足以安装几枚C802发射装置。现有武器包括用于防空的76毫米舰炮和35毫米多管自动火炮。还有两挺12.7毫米机枪和一个用于直升机的悬挂装置。

 
The C-802 was based more on the American Harpoon missile, which entered service in 1977. This is a 691 kg missile with a surface-to-surface range of 170 kilometers. Harpoon is the most widely used anti-ship missile with over 7,500 built so far. The Exocet is a 780 kg missile that entered service in 1973 and is still in production. The Exocet is faster than Harpoon and has been used more in combat, mainly during the 1980s Iran-Iraq war. France would sell the Exocet to just about anyone while the U.S. supplied Harpoon only to allies.
C-802更基于1977年投入服役的美国“鱼叉”导弹。这是一枚691千克导弹,舰对舰射程为170公里。“鱼叉”是使用最广泛的反舰导弹,迄今已制造超过7,500枚。法国“飞鱼”(Exocet)是一枚780公斤重的导弹,于1973年开始服役,目前仍在生产中。 “飞鱼”比“鱼叉”速度快,并且主要用于20世纪80年代的伊朗-伊拉克战争,用于战斗。法国将“飞鱼”卖给几乎任何人,而美国只向盟友提供“鱼叉”。
 
Venezuela does have some Italian Otomat Mk2 anti-ship missiles. These came with six 2,400-ton Lupo class frigates Venezuela acquired from Italy in the early 1980s. Only two of these frigates are still in service. The Otomat Mk1 missile entered service in 1977. The current version of this 770 kg missile has a range of 360 kilometers. One shortcoming of the Otomat is that it requires a datalink and mid-course guidance correction. That is a problem when used against well-equipped navies with air support and electronic jamming capability.
委内瑞拉确实有一些意大利的“奥托马特”(Otomat)Mk2型反舰导弹。委内瑞拉在1980年初从意大利购买了6艘2,400吨卢波(Lupo)级护卫舰。这些护卫舰中仅有两艘仍在服役。“奥托马特”(Otomat)Mk1型导弹于1977年开始服役。这种770千克导弹的当前版本射程为360公里。 “奥托马特”(Otomat)的一个缺点是它需要数据链和中段制导修正。在对付装备精良、拥有空中支援和电子干扰能力的海军时,这是一个问题。

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