China's Type 055 Getting Ready to Turn on Asia's Biggest War

中国055型准备开启亚洲最大的战舰

Date:2016-08-04 Source:popsci By:Globalmil Viewed:

 By Jeffrey Lin and P.W. Singer  June 5, 2015
作者:Jeffrey Lin和P.W. Singer 2015年6月5日 

A landlocked test rig for the Type 055 Cruiser nears completion
 
 一座055型巡洋舰的内陆试验台接近完成
 


Type 055 Cruiser Mockup
055型巡洋舰模型
 
By April 2015, about a year after its public debut, the Type 055 cruiser mockup in Wuhan has a new coat of PLAN gray, as well as installation of the ESM mast. Scaffolding on the farside of the bridge module suggests that progress is being made on installing the Type 346 radar. 
2015年4月,首次公开亮相大约一年后,在武汉的055型巡洋舰模型有一个新的PLAN灰色外表涂装,以及安装ESM桅杆。在舰桥后部模块脚手架表明正在取得进展,在安装346型雷达。
 
The Type 055 cruiser test rig in Wuhan is well on its way to opening for business. Built to test the Type 055's sophisticated electronics and integrated stealth mast, the mockup now has major electronic sensors and systems installed, along with a coat of PLAN gray paint.
位于武汉的055号巡洋舰试验台去启动用于工作是很好的方式。建造去测试055型复杂的电子设备和一体化隐身桅杆,样机现在主要是电子传感器和系统的安装,以及外表刷上中国人民解放军海军灰色油漆。 


Google Earth View
谷歌地球视角
 
 
The Type 055 test rig shows signs of completion by January 2015 as seen from Google Earth. It's a rough approximation of the actual cruiser, with enough physical similarity to help training crew for procedures like helicopter landings and layout familiarization.
在2015年1月,从谷歌地球看到055型的试验台显示完成的迹象。粗略的近似实际巡洋舰,有足够的物理相似性来帮助培训人员操作过程像直升机降落和布局的熟悉。 
 
The Type 055 cruiser test rig made its Internet debut in March 2014 on Chinese websites. With a projected length of 160 to 180 meters, judging from the test rig's 140 to150 meter length (which does not include the entire helicopter landing pad nor bow forward of the turret), and a width of about 21 to 23 meters, it would displace about 12,000 to 14,000 tons. That would make the Type 055 cruiser the largest Asian surface warship since World War II's Japanese Tone class heavy cruisers.
2014年3月055型巡洋舰试验台在互联网中国网站上首次亮相。估计长度160到180米,从试验台140米到150米判断(不包括整个直升机停机坪和前部舰艏炮塔),宽度约21米至23米,它排水量约12000吨至14000吨。这将使055型巡洋舰自二战以来日本 利根(Tone) 级重巡洋舰之后亚洲最大的水面舰艇。 


Cruiser and Destroyer
巡洋舰和驱逐舰
 
This computer generated image compares the Type 055 cruiser and Type 052D destroyer side by side for scale. The Type 055 will display twice as much as the Type 052D, and probably carry about twice as many (128) large missiles.
 这台计算机生成的图像055型巡洋舰和新型052D驱逐舰并排对比用于衡量。055型显示为052D型的两倍,可能携带两倍(128枚)大型导弹。 
 
The Type 055 cruiser is expected to command Chinese taskforces, act as the center of fleet air defenses against enemy air attacks, escort carrier groups and launch barrages of land attack and anti-ship missiles to project Chinese airpower. Judging from its 12,000 to 14,000 ton displacement, it could carry at least 112 to 128 vertical launch systems (VLS) cells for missiles. With that amount of firepower, the Type 055 cruiser could exceed the 122 VLS cells of the USN's Ticonderoga class Aegis Cruisers.
 055型巡洋舰将指挥中国舰队,担任舰队对空防御敌人空中攻击的中心,护航航母群和发射对地攻击和反舰导弹去投射中国空中力量。从12000到14000吨的排水量来看,它可以携带至少112到128个垂直发射系统(VLS)单元格用于导弹。这一数量的火力,055型巡洋舰可以超过美国海军的提康德罗加级宙斯盾巡洋舰的122个VLS单元格。 


ESM Mast
ESM桅杆 
 
The Type 055 leaves its ESM mast exposed, in order to increase its ability to hoover up enemy electronic signals and activity. Below it on the integrated mast are three panels on the front side for radars and other transmitters (likely for IFF or electronic warfare systems).
055型不采用外露ESM桅杆,以增加它的能力去捕获敌人的电子信号和活动。它下面的集成桅杆上的前侧三个面板用于雷达和其它发射机(可能为敌我识别(IFF)或电子战系统)三个面板。
 
The most obvious addition is the electronics support measures (ESM) mast installed on top of the integrated mast. ESM is the practice of collecting, processing and analyzing electronic activity by the enemy, in order to improve the performance of one's electronics, and to calibrate electronic warfare systems. The ESM mast is mounted at the highest point on the Type 055 cruiser, in order to maximize its line of sight to pick up enemy electronic activity such as radars, communications and jamming.
最明显的是增加了电子支援措施(ESM)安装在集成桅杆桅杆的顶部。ESM是实践中搜集、处理和分析敌方电子活动,以提高自己的电子设备性能,并校准电子战系统。ESM桅杆安装在055型巡洋舰的最高点,以最大限度地提高其视线去捕获敌人的电子活动如雷达、通信和干扰。 


Cruiser Weapons
巡洋舰武器系统
 
This fanmade CGI shows a variety of weapons that can be launched from the Type 055's modular VLS, which includes a YJ-18 antiship missile (left), an HQ-9 long range surface to air missile (third from left), and CJ-10 land attack cruise missile (second from right).
 这个CGI图片显示各种可从055型模块化VLS发射的武器,其中包括一枚YJ-18反舰导弹(左),一枚HQ-9远程防空导弹(左起第三),和CJ-10对地攻击巡航导弹(右二)。 
 
Located on top of the bridge superstructure, the integrated mast has three radar arrays. While the specific model of these radars is yet unclear, the radars are likely to be for purposes of fire control for surface to air missiles (SAMs), navigation and identification friend or foe (IFF) transmitter. While only the forward side of the integrated mast has the radar arrays installed, the Type 055 cruiser will have all three radars on each side of the integrated mast.
在上部结构舰桥的顶部,集成桅杆有三个雷达阵列。而这些雷达的具体模式还不清楚,雷达可能是防空导弹(SAMS)的火控目的,导航和敌我识别(IFF)发射机。虽然只有集成桅杆前侧的雷达阵列安装,055型巡洋舰将有三个雷达在集成桅杆每一个侧面。 


Type 346 radar
346型雷达 
 
The Type 052D has four large multi-function Type 346 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars under its bridge. The Type 055 cruiser will have four such similar radars, though the Wuhan test rig has only two such radars installed (for financial reasons).
052D型在舰桥下有四个大型多功能346型有源电子扫描阵列(AESA)雷达。055型巡洋舰将有四个这样类似的雷达,虽然武汉试验台只有两个这样的雷达安装(财务原因)。 
 
Type 346X radars may have been installed, though the available photos make it difficult to ascertain. The Type 346 family of radars have already been installed on the Type 052D Luyang III destroyers, and are large multipurpose, electronically scanned radars that are comparable to the U.S.'s SPY-1 radars on Aegis warships.
346x型雷达可能已安装,但可得的照片让人很难确定。346型系列雷达已经安装在052D型旅洋(Luyang)III级驱逐舰上,是大型多用途,电子扫描雷达可与美国宙斯盾军舰上的SPY-1雷达相媲美。 


055 Hangar
055型机库 
 
The test rig's helicopter hangar has a landing pad, but since the pad's floor is lower than the floor of the mock up hangar, the test rig does not accurately represent the actual Type 055 cruiser configuration. The Type 055 would carry Z-20 or Z-18 antisubmarine warfare helicopters, as well as UAVs.
 试验台的直升机机库有停机坪,但由于垫的地板是低于模拟机库的地板,试验台不能准确地代表实际的055型巡洋舰的配置。055型将携带Z-20或Z-18反潜直升机,以及无人机。 
 
The purpose of building such a mockup is to test electronic interaction/interference between the Type 055's multiple radars, communications and other electronic equipment in the real world. Conducting such tests before launching the first Type 055 cruiser allows for modifications to the electronics set up to be more easily changed, as well as on site support from electronics laboratories. However, the test rig is not an accurate representative of actual Type 055 layout (the helicopter hangar in the rear has no door, and no anti-stealth radar has been installed over it, as is the case with the Type 052C and Type 052D destroyers).
建造这样一个模型的目的是为了测试在现实环境中055型多部雷达之间,通信和其他电子设备相互作用/干扰。进行这样的测试,在第一艘055型下水前巡洋舰允许改动电子设备的位置以便更容易修改,以及来自电子实验室的现场支持。然而,该试验台不是实际中的055型布局的一个准确的代表(在后面的直升机机库没有门,没有安装过反隐身雷达,如同052C型,052D型驱逐舰的情况)。
 
When the Type 055 cruiser test rig turns on, the airwaves in Wuhan will get a lot more crowded. Once the Chinese launch the first Type 055 cruiser, the waters in the western Pacific, and around the world, are also going to get pretty crowded too.
当055型巡洋舰试验台开启,武汉的电波会更加拥挤。一旦中国下水第一艘055型巡洋舰,西太平洋水域和世界各地,也将变得更加拥挤。
 

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