Type 094 (Jin Class) Nuclear-Powered Missile Submarine

中国094型(晋级)核动力弹道导弹潜艇

Date:2013-10-26 Source:internet By:globalmil Viewed:

The Type 094 (also referred to as Type 09-IV, NATO reporting name: Jin class) is the PLA Navy’s second-generation nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN), succeeding the Type 092 (Xia class) SSBN of a single hull commissioned in 1983. The Type 094 was designed by CSIC’s Wuhan 2nd Ship Design Institute (also known as 719 Institute) in Wuhan, Hubei Province and built by CSIC’s Bohai Shipbuilding Heavy Industry Co. Ltd. (previously known as Bohai Shipyard) in Huludao, Liaoning Province.

中国094型(或09-4型,北约报告命名:晋级)是PLA海军的第二代核动力弹道导弹潜艇(SSBN),之前的在1983年服役的092型(夏级)SSBN该级仅仅有一艘。094型由中国船舶重工集团公司(CSIC)的武汉第二舰船设计所(也即是719所)设计,而且由辽宁省葫芦岛的CSIC渤海造船重工业公司(先前即是渤海造船厂)建造。

Programme

The development of the Type 094 began in the late 1980s to early 1990s, reportedly with assistance of the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering in St. Petersburg, one of Russia’s primary nuclear submarine designer.

计划

094型的发展从1980年后期开始到1990年早期,据传闻获得位于圣彼得堡(St. Petersburg)从事船舶轮机工程的红宝石(Rubin)中央设计局的帮助,俄国主要的核潜艇设计者之一。

Construction of the first-of-class began in 1999 and the submarine was launched in July 2004. A second hull was launched possibly in 2007 and may be commissioned in 2010. Both submarine have been undergoing sea trials, with no test launching of the ballistic missile from the submarine reported so far. The initial operational capability of the submarines may not come until 2012~2015.

该级第一艘的建造从1999年开始,而且潜艇在2004年7月下水。第二艘可能在2007年下水而且可能将在2010年服役。两艘潜艇已经经受海试,目前为止没有进行从潜艇发射弹道导弹测试。潜艇的初始操作能力直到2012~2015年前无法实现。

The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) predicted in December 2006 that the PRC will need to build a total of five Type 094 SSBNs in order to maintain a near-continuous at-sea SSBN presence, with at least one boat available and ready for missile launch at all times.

美国海军情报局(ONI)在2006年12月猜测中国将会建立总数为五艘094型SSBN用于维持接近-连续性海上SSBN存在,至少一艘潜艇可用并准备好在任何时刻发射导弹。

Satellite images have captured the two Type 094 SSBNs docked at the Bohai Shipyard, and one of the submarines was also spotted inside the PLA Navy’s nuclear submarine base at Xiaopingdao, Liaoning Province. In April 2008, Federation of American Scientists (FAS) website revealed that a Type 094 SSBN has been deployed to a newly-built nuclear submarine base near the city of Sanyang in Hainan Island [1].

卫星图像已经捕获二艘在渤海造船厂停靠码头的094型SSBN,而且潜艇之一在小平岛(Xiaopingdao),辽宁省的PLA海军核潜艇基地之内也被看到。在2008年4月,美国科学家联合会(FAS)网站透露094型SSBN在海南岛的三亚(Sanyang)市附近的一个新建的核潜艇基地已经被部署[1]。


Type 094 SSBN
094型SSBN(中国英特网)

Design

The Type 094 SSBN bears many similarities with the Type 093 Shang class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN), suggesting that the two submarines share the same design baseline. The submarine features a water-drop shape hull, with a pair of fin-mounted hydroplanes and four diving planes.

设计

094型SSBN很多方面类似093型商级核攻击潜艇(SSN),认为二种潜艇共享相同的设计基数。潜艇的特征是水-滴形外壳,鳍安装水平舵和四翼十字尾舵。

The dive displacement of the submarine was estimated to be 8,000~9,000 tonnes. The Type 094 has yet approached the performance and capability of modern Russian and Western SSBN designs, especially in quietness and missile number. However, once fully operational, it will offer the PLA Navy with a much more credible sea-based nuclear retaliation capability than that offered by its predecessor Type 092 Xia class.

潜艇的排水量据估计是8,000~9,000吨。094型已经接近目前俄国和西方SSBN设计的性能和能力,尤其在静音和导弹数量上。然而,一但完全操作,与它的前任092型夏级相比较它将会更可靠给PLA海军提供海-基核报复能力。

Missiles

The Type 094 has the capacity to carry 12 submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM). The JuLang 2 SLBM designed and developed by CASIC 4th Academy is a three-stage, solid-propellant strategic ballistic missile. It is a derivation of the land-based DongFeng 31 (DF-31) intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). The maximum range of the JuLang 2 was estimated to be 7,000~8,000km, three times that of the first-generation JuLang 1 SLBM used by the Type 092.

导弹

094型有能力携带12枚潜射弹道导弹(SLBM)。由中国航天科工集团公司(CASIC)第4研究院设计并发展的巨浪(JuLang) 2 SLBM是一种三-级、固体-推进战略弹道导弹。它是陆基东风(DongFeng) 31(DF-31)洲际弹道导弹(ICBM)的一个衍生。巨浪(JuLang) 2最大射程据估计是7,000~8,000公里,是092型使用的巨浪(JuLang) 1 SLBM的三倍。

Each JuLang 2 can carry a single thermalnuclear warhead of 25~1,000kt yield. Alternatively, the missile was said to be able to carry three or more 90kT multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRV),  though this cannot be confirmed.

每枚巨浪(JuLang) 2能携带25~1,000 kt当量的单一核弹头。二者择一地,导弹据说能够携带三个或更多的90 kT多弹头分导再入运载器(MIRV),虽然这不能够确认。

Torpedoes

The submarine has six 533mm bow torpedo tubes, and carries a total of 12 Yu-3 (SET-65E) torpedoes, which is equipped with both active and passive homing. The torpedo, with a 205kg warhead, has a maximum range of 15km and a top speed of 40kt. Alternatively, the submarine may carry wake-homing anti-surface torpedoes or wire-homing anti-submarine torpedoes.

鱼雷

潜艇有六具533毫米艇艏鱼雷管,携带总数为12枚Yu-3(SET-65 E)鱼雷,具有使用两者主动或被动引导。鱼雷,使用一个205公斤弹头,最大射程15公里和最高40节航速。二者择一地,潜艇能携带尾流-归航反水面鱼雷或线-导反潜鱼雷。

Sensors

The submarine is fitted with sophisticated sonar systems, including bow-mounted sonar and H/SQC-207 flank-mounted sonar. Three flank-mounted sonar arrays are clearly visible on the hull of the submarine.

传感器

潜艇配备有复杂的声纳系统,包括艇艏安装声纳和H/SQC-207舷侧声纳。三套舷侧声纳阵列在潜艇外壳上清楚地看得见。

Propulsion

The submarine’s propulsion system is believed to be nuclear, turbo-electric arrangement, consisting of one pressurised water reactor (PWR), with one shaft.

推进

潜艇推进系统据信是核、涡-电布置,包括一台压水反应堆(PWR)组成,采用单驱动轴。

Shiplist

 

No. Name Shipyard Fleet Launch IOC
? ? Bohai North Sea 2004 ?
? ? Bohai South Sea? 2007 ?

潜艇目录

 

编号(No.)
命名(Name)
造船厂(Shipyard)
舰队(Fleet)
下水(Launch)
初始作战能力(IOC)

 型号

?? ?? 渤海 北海舰队(North Sea) 2004 ?? 晋级
?? ?? 渤海 南海舰队??(South Sea) 2007 ?? 晋级

Specifications

Displacement: (Dived) 8,000~9,000t
Missile: 12 X JL-2 SLBM

规格

排水量: (潜水)8,000~9,000 吨
导弹: 12 X JL-2 SLBM

Last update: 13 March 2009
最后更新: 2009年3月13日

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