Wing Loong Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), China

中国翼龙(Wing Loong)无人机

Date:2016-02-18 Source:未知 By:Globalmil Viewed:


 
Wing Loong (Yilong / Pterodactyl) is a medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by Chengdu Aircraft Design & Research Institute (CADI), a division of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC).
Wing Loong(羿龙/翼龙)是一种中高空,长航时(MALE),无人飞机(UAV)由成都飞机设计研究所(CADI)研制,中国航空工业集团公司(AVC)的一个部门。
 
The UAV is developed primarily for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and is intended for surveillance and aerial reconnaissance missions.
无人机的发展主要是为中国人民解放军空军(PLAAF)和用于监视和空中侦察任务。
 
Fitted with a variety of weapons, the drone has the ability to perform combat operations and can also be used for civil tasks such as disaster assessment, meteorological operations, and environmental protection.
无人机配备多种武器,具有作战能力,也可用于灾害评估、气象作业和环境保护等民用任务。
 
Wing Loong II, an upgraded version of the Wing Loong, was unveiled at the Beijing Aviation Expo held in September 2015.
翼龙II是翼龙的升级版,2015年9月在北京航空博览会上公开。
 
Unmanned aerial vehicle development
无人机发展
 
Development of the unmanned aerial vehicle began in 2005 and the first test flight was conducted in 2009. A prototype of the Wing Loong I was exhibited during the China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition held in Zhuhai in 2010.
 无人机发展开始于2005年并且在2009年进行第一次试验飞行。一架翼龙-I型原型机在2010年珠海举行的中国国际航空航天展上展出。
 
Wing Loong UAV design and features
翼龙无人机设计及特点
 
The Wing Loong UAV's fixed mid-mounted wings with high aspect ratio provide improved performance by reducing the drag. Its fuselage structure is designed to minimise the radar cross section. It features two vertical tail fins, arranged in a V shape.
翼龙无人机固定中置机翼具有高纵横比来减少阻力提供提高性能。其机身结构设计,尽量减少雷达横截面。它的特点双垂直翼鳍,V型排列。
 
The tri-cycle landing gear, with two main wheels under the fuselage and one single wheel under the nose, facilitates safe take-off and landing.
三点起落架,两个主轮在机身下和一个单轮在机鼻下,有利于安全起飞和降落。
 
The UAV has a length of 9.05m, a wing span of 14m and a height of 2.77m. It has a maximum take-off weight of 1,100kg and can carry loads of 200kg on external stores.
无人机长9.05米,翼展14米和机高2.77米。它最大起飞重量100公斤,并可以携带200公斤外部荷载。
 
The base version has two hardpoints under the wings, while the Wing Loong II has six hardpoints.
基本型机翼下有两个挂载点,而翼龙II型有六个挂载点。
 
A satellite communications antenna, mounted on the bulge at the top front surface of the fuselage, facilitates data transmission between the UAV and the ground control station.
 一部卫星通讯天线,安装在机身顶部的凸起处,便于无人机和地面控制站之间的数据传输。
 
Armament carried on Wing Loong
翼龙装备
 
The unmanned combat aerial vehicle can be armed with a variety of weapons including laser-guided bombs and missiles to attack and destroy air or ground-based targets.
无人作战飞机可以携带各种武器,包括激光制导炸弹和导弹,攻击和摧毁空中或地面目标。
 
The weaponry options include AKD-10 air-to-surface anti-tank missile, BRMI-90 90mm guided rocket, FT-7/130 small 130kg bomb with planar wing, FT-9/50 50kg bomb for drones, FT-10/25 25kg bomb, GB-7/50 50kg precision-guided munition (PGM), and GB-4/100 PGM.
 武器装备的选项包括AKD-10型空对地反坦克导弹,BRMI-90型90mm制导火箭,FT-7 / 130型小型130公斤炸弹装于水平机翼,FT-9 / 50型50公斤炸弹装于无人机身,FT-10 / 25型25公斤炸弹,GB-7型精确制导弹药(PGM),和GB-4 / 100型精确制导弹药(PGM)。
 
Electro-optical payload pods
光电载荷舱
 
The electro-optical payload pod, fitted under the forward section of the fuselage, is integrated with day light and infrared cameras and sensors to collect surveillance and targeting data in both day and low-light / night conditions.
光电载荷舱,安装在机身前部,集成了白光和红外摄像机和传感器,在白天和低光/夜间两者条件下去收集监测和目标数据。
 
The UAV is also equipped with synthetic aperture radar, laser designator, forward-looking infrared (FLIR) camera, as well as electronic countermeasures.
 无人机还配备了合成孔径雷达,激光指示器,前视红外(FLIR)相机,以及电子对抗装置。
 
Mobile ground control station
移动地面控制站
 
The Wing Loong UAV and its payloads are remotely controlled by operator from the mobile ground control station using the consoles.
翼龙无人机和它的有效载荷采用远程控制从移动地面控制站上使用控制台操作。
 
The control station receives payload information from the UAV via a data communications link and sends back command and control, as well as mission planning data to the air vehicle.
 控制站通过数据链接收来自无人机有效载荷的信息和回返发送命令和控制,以及将任务规划数据发送给无人机。
 
Combat drone propulsion
战斗无人机推进系统
 
The combat drone is powered by a 100hp turbocharged engine, driving a three-bladed propeller, mounted at the rear section.
战斗无人机由100马力涡轮增压发动机驱动一具三叶片螺旋桨,安装在机身后部。
 
Performance of Wing Loong UAV
翼龙无人机性能
 
The Wing Loong has a maximum flight speed of 280km/h, can operate over a range of 4,000km, and fly up to a maximum height of approximately 5km.
翼龙飞行速度280公里/小时,可以在4000公里航程内操作,最大飞行高度约5公里。
 
It can perform missions for more than 20 hours and can transmit data over a line of sight (LOS) range of 200km. Its take-off and landing roll distances are 600m and 800m respectively.
它可以超过20小时执行任务,在视距(LOS)200公里范围内传输数据。它的起飞和降落滑跑距离分别是600米和800米。

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