Naval Air: China Takes An Intimidation Hit

海军航空:中国面临菲律宾打击威胁

Date:2020-04-30 Source:strategypage By:Globalmil Viewed:


April 29, 2020: The Philippines is buying four Japanese FPS-3 air search radars for $103 million. One will be mobile and mounted on trucks. FPS-3 is a modern AESA (Active Electronic Scanned Array) type radar with a search and detection range of over 400 kilometers. It can track multiple contacts by indicating the direction, range and altitude of each contact. FPS-3 is used extensively by the Japanese air defense system. AESA radar is a 1960s development that, over the decades, got cheaper and more compact. It is now becoming the standard. AESA has better range and resolution than older designs. AESA uses a fixed plate of radar elements with radar beams directed electronically across the sky, rather than a constantly moving radar dish with lots of mechanical parts that are prone to break down. Japan has become a major source of AESA radars and other military technology that the Philippines needs to defend itself from China.
2020年4月29日:菲律宾以1.03亿美元的价格购买了4部日本FPS-3型对空搜索雷达。其中一部将可机动并安装在卡车上。FPS-3是现代化AESA(有源电子扫描阵列)型雷达,搜索和探测距离超过400公里。它可以通过显示每个目标点的方向,距离和高度来跟踪多个目标点。FPS-3被日本防空系统广泛使用。AESA雷达从1960年发展,在过去的几十年中,它变得更便宜,更紧凑。现在正成为标准。AESA具有比旧设计更好的探测距离和分辨率。AESA使用固定的雷达元件板,将雷达波束电子化地指向天空,而不是使用不断旋转的雷达碟状天线,其中的机械零件容易损坏。日本已经成为AESA雷达和其他军事技术的主要来源,菲律宾需要面对中国防卫自己。

For example, in early 2016 Japan agreed to lease the Philippines five TC-90 aircraft for under a million dollars a year. Not only was this inexpensive but of great military value to the Philippines. The TC-90 doubles the range of Filipino coastal surveillance from 300 to 600 kilometers. Until quite recently it was illegal for Japan to do this sort of thing. Japan changed its laws in 2014 to allow for the export of military equipment (under certain conditions) and has supplied the Philippines with a lot more low-cost help like the TC-90s. For that reason, China protested this Japanese support for the Philippines because the expanding Chinese navy now has more eyes on it.
例如,2016年初,日本同意以每年不到一百万美元的价格租赁给菲律宾五架TC-90飞机。这不仅便宜,而且对菲律宾具有重大军事价值。TC-90将菲律宾沿海监视范围从300公里增加到600公里。直到不久前,日本进行这种事情都是非法的。日本于2014年修改了法律,允许在一定条件下出口军事装备,并向菲律宾提供了更多低成本帮助,例如TC-90。因此,中国抗议日本对菲律宾的支持,因为不断扩张的中国海军现在对此有更多的关注。


The TC-90 is one of many military versions of the popular King Air twin-engine civilian transport. Many are used for military purposes like training, transport, electronic warfare and surveillance. Japan has been using them since the 1970s. In fact, one of the most common military air transports is the King Air, with nearly 300 still in American military service. It’s not surprising that most people think of the King Air as a civilian aircraft because most of the 6,000 built since the 1960s have been for commercial use. Yet one of the first customers in the 1960s was the U.S. Army. Since then more than a thousand King Airs have been bought, often second-hand, by the military because the price was right and the King Air could get the job done.
TC-90是流行的空中国王(King Air)双发民用运输机的众多军事改型之一。许多用于军事目的,例如训练,运输,电子战和监视。自1970年代以来,日本一直在使用它们。实际上,最常见的军事航空运输机之一就是空中国王(King Air),仍有近300架仍在美国服役。多数人将空中国王(King Air)视为民用飞机就不足为奇了,因为自1960年以来制造的6,000架中的大多数已用于商业用途。1960年的第一批客户之一是美国陆军。自那时以来,军方购买了通常是二手的一千多架空中国王,因为价格合适,空中国王可以完成工作。

The Philippines also purchased twelve South Korean FA-50 armed trainers for $49 million each. All were delivered by 2017. The single-engine, two-seat jet aircraft is intended to restore combat aircraft capability in the Philippines Air Force. The FA-50 is the combat version of the South Korean designed and manufactured T-50 jet trainer. This aircraft was developed in the 1990s and entered service in 2005. The 13 ton aircraft is actually a light fighter and can fly at supersonic speeds. With some added equipment (radars and fire control) the T-50 becomes the FA-50, a combat aircraft. This version carries a 20mm auto-cannon and up to 4.5 tons of smart bombs and missiles. The T-50 can stay in the air about four hours per sortie and has a service life of 8,000 flight hours.
菲律宾还以每架4900万美元的价格购买了12架韩国FA-50军用教练机。 所有这些都在2017年交付。单发,双座喷气式飞机旨在恢复菲律宾空军的战斗机能力。FA-50是韩国设计和制造的T-50喷气教练机的战斗型号。这种飞机是1990年研发的,并于2005年投入使用。这种13吨重的飞机实际上是一种轻型战斗机,可以超音速飞行。加上一些额外的装备(雷达和火控系统),T-50变成FA-50战斗机。此型号搭载20毫米自动机炮和多达4.5吨的智能炸弹和导弹。T-50每次飞行可在空中滞留约4个小时,使用寿命为8,000飞行小时。

Since 2005, when the Philippines removed from service its eight F-5 fighters, there were no fighter aircraft in the Filipino air force. These 1960s era aircraft were not much of a match for more recent warplanes and were expensive to maintain. In the meantime, the Philippines used armed turboprop trainer aircraft for strikes against Moslem and communist rebels.
自2005年以来,菲律宾停用其8架F-5战斗机,菲律宾空军便没有战斗机。这些1960年的飞机与最近的战机并没有太大的匹配,而且维护成本很高。同时,菲律宾使用军用涡桨教练机对穆斯林和国内叛军进行打击。

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