TYPE 072-III (YUTING-II CLASS) LARGE LANDING SHIP

中国海军072-3型(“榆廷”(YUTING)-II级)大型登陆舰

Date:2017-02-19 Source:Internet By:Globalmil Viewed:

The Type 072-III (Yuting-II class) is the most capable amphibious warfare ship in service with the PLA Navy.
072-3型(Yuting-II级)是PLA海军服役中最有能力的登陆舰艇。

The Type 072-III (NATO codename: Yuting-II class) is the follow-on of the Type 072-II (Yuting-I class) large landing ship initially introduced in the 1990s. The Type 072-III features a redesigned concealed bridge, and possibly enhanced sealift capability. Two ships built by Shanghai-based Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard were commissioned in 2004, with additional two built by Dalian-based Dalian Shipyard commissioned in 2005. A total of seven ships have been identified by 2005.
中国海军072-III型(北约代号:“榆廷”(Yuting)-II级)是072-II型(“榆廷”(Yuting)-I级)的后继大型登陆舰,在1990年内最初引进。072-III型的特点是一个重新设计密封舰桥和可能提高的海上补给能力。二艘由上海建立的沪东-中华造船厂在2004年建造,并且另外的二艘被大连建立的大连造船厂在2005年建造。总数为七艘的登陆舰已经在2005年之前被确定。
 
PROGRAMME
计划
 
Two new LST type large landing ships were first spotted in Shanghai-based Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Summer 2003. These ships were later identified to be the improved variant of the Type 072-II (Yuting-I class), known as Type 072-III (Yuting-II class). Two additional ships of the same type were spotted under construction in Dalian Shipyard in early 2004. By 2005 at least seven ships of this class have been spotted either in service or under construction, increasing the total number of the large LST in service with the PLA Navy to 25.
2003年夏季,二艘新的坦克登陆舰(LST)类型的大型登陆舰在上海沪东-中华造船厂被首次看见。这些登陆舰最近识别是072-II型(Yuting-级)的改进型,即是072-III型(Yuting-II级)。在2004年早期另外的二艘相同型号登陆舰在大连造船厂建造中被看见。2005年之前至少这一个等级的七艘登陆舰已经被看见或服役中或在建造中,增加在PLA海军服役中大型坦克登陆舰(LST)的总数到25艘。


The first two ships of the class was initially spotted under construction at Shanghai-based Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in summer 2003. Later an additional two ships were seen in Dalian Shipyard. It is believed that at least 7 ships have already been built, with more expected to come in the future.
在2003年夏天,该级最早二艘船在上海沪东-中华造船厂建造中被首次看见。稍后另外的二艘船在大连造船厂被看到。一般相信至少7艘船已经被建造,而且更多的预期在将来被建造。
 
Compared to the previous Type 072 series (Yukan and Yuting-I class), the Type 072-III carries less firepower, but is larger and more modernised. The full displacement of the ship is estimated to be 5,000t, capable of carrying 250 troops and 10 tanks. These ships together with the Yuting-I and Yukan class will provide key sealift and amphibious landing capabilities for the PLA Navy in the coming decade. However, as the WWII-style tank landing ships are generally regarded as outdated, the PLA Navy may wish to seek more advanced and efficient amphibious assault ships (LHA/LHD) and dock landing ships (LSD/LPD) in the future. 
比拟早先的072型系列(榆赣(Yukan)和Yuting-I级),072-III型携带较少的火力,但是更大和更现代化。登陆舰的满载排水量被估计是5,000吨,能够运送250名军人和10辆坦克。这些登陆舰连同Yuting-I和Yukan级一起在将来的十年中将会为PLA海军提供主要海上补给和水陆两栖登陆能力。然而,被看做WWII-风格坦克登陆舰通常被视为过时,PLA海军未来可能愿意寻求更先进和更有效率的水陆两栖攻击舰(LHA/直升机登陆舰(LHD))和船坞登陆舰(LSD/两栖船坞运输舰(LPD))。 


The new Yuting-II is believed to be larger and more modernised compared to the previous Yuting-I class.
新的Yuting-II与早先的Yuting-I级相比较据信更大和更现代化。
 
INVENTORY
详细目录
 
7 ships spotted so far: 911, 912, 913, 992, 993, 995, 996 
到现在为止发现7艘登陆舰: 911,912,913,992,993,995,996
 
DESIGNS
设计
 
The Type 072-III is generally similar to the Yuting-I and Yukan class in hull design and layout. The original open-top bridge on the Yuting-I class has been replaced by a redesigned fully concealed bridge on the Type 072-III. On the Yuting-I class there are two corridors on each side of the bridge to enable troops move between the main front deck and the stern helicopter deck, but these are replaced by a tunnel under the bridge on the Type 072-III.
072-III型一般与Yuting-I和Yukan级在舰体设计和规划上类似。最初在Yuting-I级上的开放式顶部舰桥已经被代替,在072-III型上采用一个重新设计完全封闭的舰桥。在Yuting-I级上在舰桥两侧是两条通道使军队在主前甲板和尾部直升飞机甲板之间移动,但是这些在072-III型上被舰桥下面内置通道代替。
 
WEAPONS
武器
 
The ship carries only one Type 76F dual-37mm antiaircraft artillery (AAA) gun located on the bow deck. By comparison the Yuting-I class has three guns. Point air defence may also be provided by using should-launched air defence missiles.
登陆舰在舰艏甲板上仅仅有一门76F型双管-37毫米高射炮(AAA)。相比较Yuting-I级有三门高射炮。点防空也可能由防空导弹提供。


The Yuting-II class carries only one Type 76F dual-37mm antiaircraft artillery (AAA) gun located on the bow deck. By comparison the Yuting-I class has three guns.
Yuting-II级在舰艏甲板上携带仅仅有一门76F型双管-37毫米高射炮(AAA)。相对比Yuting-I级有三门。
 
AVIATION
航空
 
The ship has a stern helicopter flight deck specious enough for a large helicopter such as Jingdezhen Z-8 to take-off and land. There is no helicopter hanger provided.
登陆舰有一个尾部直升飞机飞行甲板,外观好看足够用于一架例如Z-8的大型直升飞机去起飞和降落。没有提供直升飞机悬挂装置。

附补充资料:

《072型登陆舰外形识别》摘自 中国海军网

072III型。同前两型相比,该型外观已经出现较大变化,舰尾直升机甲板的加装是其区别于它们的最明显标志。正是由于具有直升机甲板,使该型舰拥有了搭载直升机的能力,也使我军两栖部队第一次具备使用立体登陆方式的条件。开创我登陆作战新的模式。本型舰建造数量为10艘。舷号为991、934、935、936、937、939、940、908、909、910。其中从939号开始舰载火炮发生型号变化。北约将此型舰命名为“玉亭”级。072Ⅲ型的火炮数量及威力继续减少,总共只部置了3门双联装37毫米舰炮。其位置分别为舰首和舰桥前。舰首以一门37毫米炮替代上两型的57毫米炮,是其重要识别特征之一。从桅杆上看,本型已改为柱状,看起来现代和简洁了许多。副甲板支撑柱呈倾斜状,且比起前两型来粗了不少,给人很坚固的感觉。烟囱后整个舰尾都是直升机甲板。另外,939、940、908、909、910等五舰的三门火炮全部换装为76F式双联装37毫米新型舰炮。使它们更具有现代感。


072III型早期型图解

072III型后期型,主要区别就是将舰首的61式双37炮换为76F式双37自动炮。


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