PL-2 air-to-air missiles

中国PL-2型空对空导弹

Date:2020-10-24 Source:wikimedia By:Globalmil Viewed:


PL-2 and its derivatives are members of a series of Chinese air-to-air missiles (AAM) originated from the former-Soviet Vympel K-13 AAM, with PL short for Pili (Pi Li, 霹雳), meaning thunderbolt. Unlike PL-2 itself, the second Chinese AAM, most of derivatives of PL-2 failed to enter mass production, with the exception of infrared guided PL-5.
PL-2及其衍生型号是一系列中国空对空导弹(AAM)的成员,这些空对空导弹起源于前苏联Vympel K-13空对空导弹(AAM),PL是霹雳(Pi Li,霹雳)的缩写,含义为Thunderbolt(霹雳)。与PL-2本身(中国第二种空对空导弹)不同,PL-2的大多数衍生型号都没有进入批量生产,除了红外制导的PL-5。
 
In 1962, China decided to manufacture former-Soviet Vympel K-13 AAM, and works on setting up the production line begun immediately. The main contractor to provide the production equipment was Easter Machinery Factory in Xi'an (西安东方机械厂), and over two dozen subcontractors were also involved. In October 1964, Zhuzhou Aero-engine Factory (株洲航空发动机厂) of the Ministry of Aviation Industry was selected as the main contractor of the AAM, and a month later, in November 1964, work on components of the AAM started. By September 1965, all components were completed and individually tested successfully. In November 1966, the 1st batch of production was completed with 18 missiles, and other soon followed, and tests were conducted. After two major test events both completed successfully, the 1st of which was in March 1967 with firing of 19 missiles and the 2nd of which was in May 1967 with firing of 22 missiles, the missile received state certification in November 1967. In August 1970, the AAM entered series production and was formally named as PL-2.
1962年,中国决定制造前苏联的Vympel K-13型空对空导弹(AAM),并立即着手建立生产线。提供生产设备的主要承包商是西安东方机械厂(Easter Machinery Factory in Xi'an),还涉及了二十多个分包商。1964年10月,航空工业部株洲航空发动机厂(Zhuzhou Aero-engine Factory)被选为AAM的主要承包商,一个月后的1964年11月,开始了AAM组件的工作。到1965年9月,所有组件均已完成并成功进行了单独测试。1966年11月,第一批生产完成了18枚导弹,随后又进行了其他试验,并进行了测试。在两次重大试验均成功完成后,第一次是在1967年3月发射了19枚导弹,第二次是在1967年5月发射了22枚导弹,该导弹于1967年11月获得国家认证。1970年8月, AAM开始批量生产,并正式命名为PL-2。

 
Specifications:
规格:
 
Max range:
7.6 km (PL-2、PL-2A)
10 km (PL-2B)
6 km (PL-2-519)
Min range
1,500m (PL-2)
1,300m (PL-2B)
2,700m (PL-2-519)
Max speed: 
M2.5 @ high altitude
M1.6 @ seal level
Max altitude 
15,000 m (PL-2)
21,000 m (PL-2A)
21,500 m (PL-2B)
23,000 m (PL-2-15)
21,000 m (PL-2-J72)
21,300 m (PL-2-519)
Min altitude:
300 m (PL-2)
500 m (PL-2-519)
Max g force: 11g
Weight:
75.3 kg (PL-2)
60 kg (PL-2A)
76 kg (PL-2B)
67 kg (PL-2-15)
53 kg (PL-2-J72)
152.8 kg(PL-2-519)
Length:
2.84 m (PL-2)
2.50 m (PL-2A)
2.99 m (PL-2B)
2.15 m (PL-2-15)
2.80 m (PL-2-J72)
2.90 m (PL-2-519)
Wingspan:
609 mm (PL-2)
528 m (PL-2B)
 
最大射程:
7.6公里(PL-2、PL-2A)
10公里(PL-2B)
6公里(PL-2-519)
最小射程
1500米(PL-2)
1300米(PL-2B)
2700米(PL-2-519)
最大速度:
M2.5@高空
M1.6@海平面
最大海拔高度
15000米(PL-2)
21000米(PL-2A)
21500米(PL-2B)
23000米(PL-2-15)
21000米(PL-2-J72)
21300米(PL-2-519)
最低海拔高度:
300米(PL-2)
500米(PL-2-519)
最大g力:11g
重量:
75.3千克(PL-2)
60千克(PL-2A)
76千克(PL-2B)
67千克(PL-2-15)
53千克(PL-2-J72)
152.8千克(PL-2-519)
长度:
2.84米(PL-2)
2.50米(PL-2A)
2.99米(PL-2B)
2.15米(PL-2-15)
2.80米(PL-2-J72)
2.90米(PL-2-519)
翼展:
609毫米(PL-2)
528米(PL-2B)

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