PL-3 air-to-air missiles


Date:2020-10-27 Source:wikia By:Globalmil Viewed:


PL-3 was the first indigenously developed AAM in China. Originally, the idea was to build an improved version of Vympel K-13 in increasing speed, range, precision, lethality and maneuverability. The main contractor was the 612th Research Institute (later reorganized as Luoyang Electro-Optics Technology Development Centre (EOTDC)).
PL-3型是中国第一种本国发展的空对空导弹(AAM)。 最初的想法是,通过提高速度,射程,精度,杀伤力和机动性来研制Vympel K-13的改进版本。主要承包商是第612研究所(后改组为洛阳光电技术发展中心(EOTDC))。
However, after the program begun in June 1962, the original goal proved to be too technologically ambitious for the Chinese industry back then to achieve. Additionally, Cultural Revolution occurred several years later also greatly affected the progress of the PL-3 program. As a result, PL-3 project had borrowed heavily from PL-2 and the program was protracted: after the 1st batch of 20 missiles completed in June 1968 and the 2nd batch of 30 completed in December 1969, the necessary tests was not completed until November 1974, four years after the initial start in 1970. The missile finally received its state certification in April, 1980, and 50 production version missiles was completed by 1981. However, during training and evaluations, it was revealed that PL-3 did not significantly outperform PL-2, and furthermore, all experience gained from PL-3 can be readily incorporated in the PL-2 improvement efforts, so there was no need to have an additional separate AAM program when the requirement could be meet by just one. Consequently, PL-3 was terminated in 1983. 
Max range: 11.5 km
Min range: 1.3 km
Max speed: Mach 2.5
Max altitude: 23 km
Weight: 93 kg
Length: 2.123 m
Diameter: 135 mm
Wingspan: 654 mm

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