K-5(AA-1,PL-1) air-to-air missile

K-5型(AA-1,PL-1)空对空导弹

Date:2020-10-24 Source:wikimedia By:Globalmil Viewed:


The Kaliningrad K-5 (NATO reporting name AA-1 Alkali), also known as RS-1U or product ShM, was an early Soviet air-to-air missile.
加里宁格勒K-5型(NATO报告称为AA-1“碱”),也称为RS-1U或产品ShM,是苏联早期的空对空导弹。
 
History
历史
 
The development of the K-5 began in 1951. The first test firings were in 1955. It was tested (but not operationally carried) by the Yakovlev Yak-25. The weapon entered service as the Grushin/Tomashevich (Russian: Грушин/Томашевич) RS-2U (also known as the R-5MS or K-5MS) in 1957. The initial version was matched to the RP-2U (Izumrud-2) radar used on the MiG-17PFU, MiG-19PM. An improved variant, K-5M or RS-2US in PVO service, entered production in 1959, matched to the RP-9/RP-9U (Sapfir) radar of the Sukhoi Su-9. The People's Republic of China developed a copy under the designation PL-1, for use by their J-6B fighters.
K-5型的研制始于1951年。第一次试射是在1955年。它由雅科夫列夫(Yakovlev)雅克-25(Yak-25)型进行了测试(但未进行实战携带)。该武器于1957年称为Grushin/Tomashevich(俄语:Грушин/Томашевич)RS-2U(也称为R-5MS或K-5MS)开始服役。初始版本与米格-17PFU,米格-19PM上使用的RP-2U(Izumrud-2)雷达相匹配。 用于苏联国土防空军(PVO)的一种改进型K-5M或RS-2US,于1959年投入生产,与苏霍伊(Sukhoi)苏-9的RP-9/RP-9U(Sapfir)雷达匹配。中华人民共和国研制了一个称为霹雳-1(PL-1)仿制型号,供其歼-6B战斗机使用。
 
The difficulties associated with beam-riding guidance, particularly in a single-seat fighter aircraft, were substantial, making the 'Alkali' primarily a short-range anti-bomber missile. Around 1967 the K-5 was replaced by the K-55 (R-55 in service), which replaced the beam-riding seeker with the semi-active radar homing or infrared seekers of the K-13 (AA-2 'Atoll'). The weapon was 7.8 kg (17.2 lb) heavier than the K-5, but had a smaller 9.1 kg (20.1 lb) warhead. The K-55 remained in service through about 1977, probably being retired with the last of the Sukhoi Su-9 interceptors.
采用驾束式制导相关的困难很大,特别是在单座战斗机中,难度很大,使得“碱”主要是一种短距反轰炸机导弹。1967年左右,K-5被K-55(服役中的R-55)取代,它用K-13(AA-2“环礁”)的半主动雷达寻的器或红外导引头取代了驾束式导引头。这种武器比K-5重7.8千克(17.2磅),但弹头更小,只有9.1千克(20.1磅)。K-55一直服役到1977年,很可能随着最后一驾苏霍伊苏-9截击机一起退役。
 
Specifications (RS-2US / K-5MS)
Length: 2500 mm (8 ft 2 in)
Wingspan: 654 mm (2 ft 2 in)
Diameter: 200 mm (7⅞ in)
Launch weight: 82.7 kg (183.3 lb)
Speed: 800 m/s (2,880 km/h, 1,790 mph)
Range: 2–6 km (1¼-3¾ mi)
Guidance: beam riding
Warhead: 13.0 kg (28.7 lb)
规格(RS-2US/K-5MS)
长度:2500毫米(8英尺2英寸)
翼展:654毫米(2英尺2英寸)
直径:200 毫米(7⅞英寸)
发射重量:82.7千克(183.3磅)
速度:800米/秒(2880公里/小时,1790英里/小时)
射程:2–6公里(1¼-3¾英里)
引导:驾束
弹头:13.0千克(28.7磅)

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