Pentagon issues new electromagnetic spectrum strategy

简氏:五角大楼发布新的电磁频谱战略

Date:2020-11-02 Source:Jane's By:Globalmil Viewed:

30 OCTOBER 2020
by Carlo Munoz
2020年10月30日
卡罗·穆诺兹
 
The US Department of Defense has issued its long-awaited strategy on how US armed forces and their allies will wage war across the electromagnetic spectrum, setting the stage for a large-scale modernisation and future acquisition of systems, platforms, and programmes to support current and future electromagnetic spectrum operations (EMSO).
美国国防部已发布了期待已久的战略,内容是美军及其盟友如何在电磁频谱上发动战争,为大规模现代化和未来采购系统,平台和计划提供支持以及未来的电磁频谱行动(EMSO)。
 
The new strategy, approved on 29 September, is an overhaul of previous doctrine on electronic warfare (EW) operations first issued in 2013, and again in 2017, with an eye toward a more encompassing approach to spectrum management and warfare.
9月29日批准的新战略是对2013年和2017年首次发布的电子战(EW)作战条令的一次彻底改革,着眼于更全面的频谱管理和作战方法。
 
“Modern warfare is fundamentally dependent on the electromagnetic spectrum … [and] the last 20 years of our experience, prior to the re-emergence of long-term strategic competition, has not well prepared us as well as we could have or should have” for the role EMSO plays in modern combat operations, senior US defence officials said on the condition of anonymity, ahead of the strategy’s official release.
“现代战争从根本上取决于电磁频谱……[以及]我们过去二十年的经验,在重新出现长期战略竞争之前,还没有为我们做好应有的准备。” 针对EMSO在现代作战行动中所扮演的角色,美国高级国防官员在匿名宣布该战略正式发布之前说。
 
The primary goal of the new strategy is to develop and implement “superior EMSO capabilities” through improved enabling technologies to “sense, assess, share, manoeuvre, and survive” combat operations across the spectrum, while leveraging advanced commercial-based disruptive technologies, the officials said on the morning of 29 September.
官员于9月29日上午说,新战略的主要目标是通过改进的赋能技术来开发和实施“卓越的EMSO能力”,以“感知,评估,共享,操纵和生存”整个频谱的作战行动,同时利用先进的基于商业的破坏性技术。
 

An Electronic Warfare Tactical Vehicle supports a training rotation for the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division at the National Training Center in Fort Irwin, California. (US Department of Defense )
在加利福尼亚州欧文堡的国家训练中心,一辆电子战战术车为第三旅战斗队、第一骑兵师提供轮训。(美国国防部)
 
The new EMSO doctrine also places an emphasis on the development of “robust electromagnetic [spectrum] battle management capabilities,” via modular, software-defined technologies, they added.
他们补充说,新的EMSO条令还强调通过模块化,软件定义的技术来开发“强大的电磁(频谱)战斗管理功能”。
 
“Some of the specific technologies we are looking at are Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) capabilities … frequency agility, frequency diversity, wide tuning ranges, [and] minimisation of the [electromagnetic] footprint” in a multifunction, platform-agnostic approach while reducing electronic signatures vulnerable to detection, the officials said.
官员说,“我们正在研究的一些特定技术是动态频谱共享(DSS)能力……频率灵活性、频率分集、宽调谐范围,[和]最大限度地减少[电磁]足迹”,采用多功能、与平台无关的方法,同时减少易受检测的电子签名。

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