USS Bunker Hill trials experimental hardkill/softkill integration tool

简氏:美国海军邦克山号测试实验性“硬杀/软杀”集成工具

Date:2020-05-16 Source:Jane's By:Globalmil Viewed:

13 MAY 2020
2020年5月13日
 
The US Navy guided missile cruiser USS Bunker Hill (CG 52), operating as part of the Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group, is testing an experimental Hardkill/Softkill Performance Assessment Tool (HaSPAT) during its current Indo-Pacific deployment.
美国海军“邦克山”号导弹巡洋舰(CG52)作为西奥多·罗斯福(Theodore Roosevelt)航母打击群的一部分,目前在印度-太平洋部署期间,正在测试一种试验性的硬杀伤/软杀伤性能评估工具(HaSPAT)。

Developed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), the HaSPAT prototype is designed to help operations staff understand the planned defensive posture and evaluate combat system performance in advance of an enemy attack. The system also serves to manage weapon resources by advising what effectors are available, and conserving sufficient effectors for individual defence measures.
硬杀伤/软杀伤性能评估工具(HaSPAT)原型由约翰霍普金斯大学应用物理实验室(APL)开发,旨在帮助作战人员了解计划的防御姿态,并在敌人攻击前评估作战系统性能。该系统还通过建议可用的效应装备和为个别防御措施保留足够的效应装备来管理武器资源。

Modern warships employ both hardkill (guns and missiles) and softkill (decoys and countermeasures) effectors for anti-ship missile defence. However, integrating hardkill and softkill responses in the most efficient and effective way is extremely complex and, if not properly co-ordinated and deconflicted, the interactions can lead to a response that renders the ship more vulnerable.
现代战舰在反舰导弹防御中同时使用了硬杀伤(火炮和导弹)和软杀伤(诱饵和反制)效应装备。然而,以最有效和最有效的方式集成硬杀伤和软杀伤响应是极其复杂的,如果不适当地协调和消除冲突,交互作用可能会导致效应,从而使船舶更加脆弱。


An example of a HaSPAT prototype screen format.
硬杀伤/软杀伤性能评估工具(HaSPAT)原型屏幕格式的示例。

Disclosing details of the rapid prototyping effort in a 4 May release, APL said that the build of the HaSPAT testbed was completed in just six months using independent research and development funding. This followed a visit by APL engineers to Bunker Hill in June 2019.
APL在5月4日发布的一份报告中披露了快速开发原型工作的细节,并称使用独立研发资金,硬杀伤/软杀伤性能评估工具(HaSPAT)试验台的构建仅用了6个月的时间。此前,APL工程师于2019年6月访问了“邦克山”号。

The scope and scale of the development effort was constrained by Bunker Hill's early 2020 deployment date. This forced the APL team to balance prototype functionality against the taut delivery schedule, and drove certain design choices on the basis that the prototype would serve as the basis for establishing force-level hard-kill/soft-kill coordination.
“邦克山”号在2020年初的部署日期限制了开发工作的范围和规模。这迫使APL团队在原型功能和紧张交付进度之间取得平衡,并基于原型来建立部队级硬杀伤/软杀伤协调基础,从而推动某些设计选择。

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