Japan sets up its first ‘Space Operations Squadron'

简氏:日本成立了第一个“太空作战中队”

Date:2020-05-18 Source:Jane's By:Globalmil Viewed:

18 MAY 2020 
2020年5月18日
 
The Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) officially established the country’s first ‘Space Operations Squadron’ in a ceremony held on 18 May at the Ministry of Defense (MoD) in Tokyo.
5月18日在东京日本航空自卫队(JASDF)在防卫省(MoD)举行的仪式上正式成立了该国的第一个“太空作战中队”。

A JASDF spokesperson told Janes that the squadron, which is based at Fuchu Air Base in western Tokyo, currently comprises about 20 personnel, although that number is expected to increase to about 100 in the future.
日本航空自卫队(JASDF)发言人告诉《简氏防务周刊》(Janes),该中队目前位于东京西部的府中市(Fuchu)空军基地,目前约有20名人员,尽管预计该人数将来会增加到100名。

The new squadron, which will now conduct personnel training and system planning in collaboration with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and US forces, will be in charge of operating a space surveillance system designed to track space debris and the position of satellites in order to avoid collisions in space.
新的中队现在将与日本航空航天局(JAXA)和美国军队合作进行人员培训和系统规划,将负责运行旨在追踪空间碎片和卫星位置的太空监视系统去避免空间碰撞。

 
The JASDF set up Japan’s first ‘Space Operations Squadron’ in a ceremony held on 18 May at the Ministry of Defense (MoD) in Tokyo.
5月18日日本航空自卫队(JASDF)在东京的防卫省(MoD)举行的仪式上成立了日本首个“太空作战中队”。
 
The system, which includes a network of ground radars, has also been designed to monitor the activities of satellites of countries that may seek to disrupt Japanese and/or US satellite operations through, for instance, the use of anti-satellite missiles, laser irradiation, communication jamming, or so-called ‘killer satellites’.
该系统还包括一个地面雷达网络,用于监测可能通过使用反卫星导弹、激光照射、通信干扰或所谓的“杀手卫星”等手段,试图干扰日本和/或美国卫星运行国家的卫星活动。

The move comes after the MoD secured JPY50.6 billion (USD472 million) for the current fiscal year to spend on space-related defence activities and programmes, including the establishment of what is being referred to as the ‘Space Domain Planning Section’ in the C4 Systems Department of the Joint Staff in Tokyo to facilitate joint operations in outer space.
此前,防务省在本财政年度获得506亿日元(4.72亿美元)的资金,用于与空间有关的国防活动和计划,包括在东京联合参谋部C4系统部设立所谓的“空间领域计划科”,以促进外太空的联合作战。

Moreover, in 2019 the MoD began setting up a space situational awareness (SSA) system at the former site of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force’s (JMSDF’s) Sanyo receiving station in Yamaguchi Prefecture.
此外,2019年,防务省开始在山口县的日本海上自卫队三洋接收站旧址建立空间态势感知系统(SSA)。

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