China Upgrades Self-Propelled Artillery

中国升级自行火炮

Date:2010-07-27 Source:strategypage By:globalmil Viewed:

July 25, 2010: China has deployed a fifth battalion of its new 35 ton PLZ 05 self-propelled howitzers. Each battalion has three batteries, of six howitzers each. There is also a support battery for carrying more ammo and for equipment maintenance. There is also an artillery spotting radar and a weather radar (to improve the accuracy of unguided shells). At least four other battalions have entered service since 2007. 

2010年7月25日:中国已经部署第五个营的新型35吨PLZ05自行榴弹炮。每个营有三个炮兵连,各自有六门榴弹炮。有一个支援连用于携带更多的弹药和维修装备。还有一部火炮侦校雷达和一部气象雷达(改良非制导炮弹准确性)。至少其它四个营从2007年以后已经进入服役。

The PLZ 05 is a further development of the 33 ton PLZ 45, which entered service in the 1990s as an export item. This system had a crew of five and a semi-automatic loader. The PLZ 04/04 use an automatic loader, thus a crew of only four is required. Kuwait, Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia bought PLZ 45s in the last decade.

PLZ05是33吨PLZ45的进一步发展,在1990年进入服役当作一个外销项目。这一个系统有5名组员和一部半自动装弹机。PLZ04/04使用一部自动装弹机,因而全体组员仅仅需要4名。科威特、孟加拉和沙特阿拉伯在最近十年已经购买了PLZ 45。

Dimensions of both vehicles are 10.5 meters (1 meter=3.1 feet) long, 3.3 meters wide and 2.6 meters high (3.5 meters if you include the 12.7mm machine-gun usually mounted on top of the turret.) The PLZ 05 barrel is 15.5 percent longer than the one on the PLZ 45.

两种车辆的尺寸是10.5米(1米=3.1英尺)长,3.3米宽和2.6米高(如果包括通常安装在炮塔顶部的12.7毫米机枪为3.5米高)。PLZ05炮管比在PLZ45上的长15.5%。

There is another model, the PLZ 04, with a slightly (4 percent) longer barrel than the PLZ 05. For all of these vehicles, the 155mm barrel is good for about 2,500 rounds. Computerized control systems and satellite navigation enable the weapon to be ready for firing within minutes. The vehicle carries 30 rounds of 155mm ammo, with 24 ready to be used by the autoloader. Max rate of fire (for a few minutes) is ten rounds a minute (five in the PLZ 45). Max range of the howitzer is 50 kilometers (with rocket assisted shells). Normal shells are good got about 39 kilometers and laser guided shells for 20 kilometers. All three of these systems use a lot of technology stolen from the Russians.

这有另外的一个型号PLZ04,与PLZ05相比采用稍微(4%)较长的炮管。就全部而言这些车辆,155毫米炮管很好的具有大约2,500发身管寿命。采用计算机处理的控制系统和卫星导航使火炮能够在一分钟内做好开火准备。车辆携带30发155毫米弹药和准备就绪供自动装弹机使用的24发弹药。最大射速(在几分钟内)是一分钟10发(PLZ45为5发)。榴弹炮最大射程50公里(采用火箭助推炮弹)。普通炮弹很好的具有大约39公里射程和激光制导炮弹射程为20公里。所有三个这些系统使用从俄国‘窃取’的许多技术。

The Russian and Chinese systems compete with the fifty year old U.S. M-109 design, which is a 25 ton vehicle with a crew of five.

俄国和中国系统是用于同五十年之久的美国M-109型设计对抗,是一种具有5名组员的一种25吨车辆。

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