COMMANDANTE CLASS LIGHT COMBATANT SHIPS, ITALY

意大利克曼德安迪/司令级轻型战斗舰

Date:2016-08-11 Source:naval-technology By:Globalmil Viewed:

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Four Commandante Class light combatant ships have been built for the Italian Navy by Fincantieri at the Riva Trigoso shipyard. The programme is also known as NUMC (Nuove Unità Minori Combattenti or New Minor Combatant). The first of class, Commandante Cigala Fulgosi (P490), and the Commandante Borsini (P491) were commissioned in 2002, Commandante Bettica (P492) in 2003 and Commandante Foscari (P493) in 2004.
四艘“克曼德安迪”级(司令级)轻型战斗舰由芬坎蒂尼造船公司里瓦特里戈索船厂为意大利海军建造。该项目也被称为NUMC(Nuove Unità Minori Combattenti or New Minor Combatant,新的小型战斗单位或新的辅助战斗)。该级第一艘,“希加拉·弗戈西司令”(Commandante Cigala Fulgosi)号(P490),以及“博尔西尼司令”(Commandante Borsini)号(P491)在2002年服役,“贝蒂卡司令”(Commandante Bettica)号(P492)在2003年和“弗斯卡里司令”(Commandante Foscari)号 (P493)在2004年。

Two additional ships, the Sirio (P409) and the Orione (P410), are being built for the Italian Ministry of Transport but will be crewed by the Navy. These are known as NUPA (Nuove Unità di Pattugliamento d'Altura) and have less powerful engines and weapons and no helicopter hangar or countermeasures.
额外两艘,西里奥号(P409)和奥里奥内号(P410),为意大利运输部另外建造但是全体乘员将会来自意大利海军。这些被称为NUPA(Nuove Unità di Pattugliamento d'Altura,新远洋巡逻单位),不配备大功率发动机和武器,没有直升机机库和电子对抗系统。

Fincantieri is the prime contractor for the platform, Alenia Marconi Systems for the ship's combat system and Elmer has been awarded the contract for the communications system.
芬坎蒂尼公司是平台的主承包商,阿莱尼亚马可尼系统公司为船舶的战斗系统和埃尔默公司已获得通信系统的合同。

The ship's main missions are long and medium range patrol and the vessel carries fuel and stores for an endurance of ten days. The main patrol missions are primarily for surveillance and secondly for surface combat operations. The missions include establishing presence in and patrolling international waters, patrolling and guarding maritime borders and surveillance of the Exclusive Economic Zone.
该舰的主要任务是远航程或中航程巡逻和舰艇携带的燃料和储备可支持十天续航力。主要巡逻任务首先是监视和其次水上作战行动。任务包括国际公海展示存在、巡逻、保卫海上边界和监视专属经济区。

The ship operates with a crew of 80 with eight officers. The overall length is 88.40m and the full load displacement is 1,520t. The maximum sustained speed is over 25 knots and the ship has a range of 3,500 nautical miles.
 舰艇由80名船员和8名军官组成的乘员操作。总长度88.40米和满载排水量1520吨。最大续航速超过25节,舰艇航程3500海里。

The ship design incorporates low radar and infrared signatures. The first three vessels have an all-steel superstructure, but the fourth, Commandante Foscari, is constructed from glass-reinforced plastic, including most of the mast and the helicopter hangar. This composite material is lighter and therefore reduces fuel consumption.
该船设计采用低雷达和红外特征。前三艘船体有一个全钢结构上层建筑,但第四艘,“弗斯卡里司令”(Commandante Foscari)号是由玻璃纤维增强塑料制成,其中包括大部分的桅杆和直升机机库。这种复合材料重量更轻,因此降低了燃料消耗。

COMBATANT SHIP COMMAND AND CONTROL
战斗舰艇的指挥和控制


The Alenia Marconi Systems NUMC/NUPA combat system is a totally new system comprising of the sensors, CMS (Combat Management System) and weapons. All operations can be wholly managed by the CMS, including fire control, internal and external communications, message handling and blind pilotage.
阿莱尼亚马可尼系统公司NUMC/ NUPA战斗系统是一套全新的系统,包括传感器,CMS(作战管理系统)和武器。所有操作全部都可以由CMS管理,包括火控,内部和外部通信,讯息处理和仪表领航。

The "self-redundant" system bus is based on FDDI standard (Fiber Distributed Data Interface) and the centralised Navigation System (NAVS) is able to gather, optimise and distribute all of the navigation data through the bus. The Tactical Picture Management (TPM) is based on multi sensor fusion. The Video Distribution Unit transports digital radar and TV videos through the bus.
“自动冗余”系统总线是基于FDDI标准(光纤分布式数据接口)和集中式导航系统(NAVS)能够通过总线搜集,优化和分配所有的导航数据。战术图象管理(TPM)是基于多传感器融合。视频分发单元通过总线传输数字雷达和电视视频。

Elmer provides the integrated internal/external communications system.
埃尔默提供了集成内部/外部通信系统。

COMBATANT SHIP WEAPONS
战斗舰艇武器


The ship's main gun is an Oto Melara 76mm gun installed on the forward gun deck. The gun is controlled by an Alenia Marconi Systems (AMS) NA-25 radar and optronic fire control system which is based on the RTN-25X X-band radar. The naval ships also have two Oto Melara 25mm guns. The Ministry of Transport ships, Sirio and Orione, have 7.62mm general-purpose machine guns.
该舰的主炮是安装前部舰炮甲板上的一座奥托梅莱拉76毫米舰炮。舰炮由阿莱尼亚可尼系统(AMS)的NA-25型雷达和光电火控系统控制,该系统是基于RTN-25X X波段雷达。该舰艇也有两门奥托梅莱拉25毫米舰炮。交通运输部船舶,西里奥和奥里奥内,配备7.62毫米通用机枪。


The Selex NA-25 radar and optronic director provides fire control for the main gun.
主舰炮由NA-25型雷达和光电跟踪仪提供火控

COMBATANT SHIP COUNTERMEASURES
战斗舰电子战系统


The ship's electronic warfare systems include chaff decoy launchers and an SLQ-747 radar interceptor and jammer supplied by Elettronica. Sirio and Orione are not fitted with countermeasures.
舰载电子战系统包括箔条诱饵发射器和Elettronica公司提供的SLQ-747型雷达拦截和干扰机。西里奥和奥里奥内不配备电子战系统。

AIRCRAFT
舰载机


The ship has a stern helicopter deck with a single landing spot. The retractable hangar is fully equipped to accommodate and maintain an AB 212 or an NH 90 helicopter. Sirio and Orione are not equipped with the hangar.
舰上有一个单一降落点的直升机甲板。可伸缩机库设施齐全,以适应并容纳一架AB212型或一架NH90型直升机。西里奥和奥里奥内没有配备机库。

COMBATANT SHIP RADARS
战斗舰雷达


The ship is fitted with an Alenia Marconi RAN-30X/I multi-mode radar operating at X-band. RAN-30X has four modes: surface and air surveillance mode for small air/surface targets; navigation and helicopter control mode with high antenna rotation speed for navigation close to the coastline; Over-the-Horizon (OTH) detection mode with low antenna rotation speed and long range detection capability; and anti-sea-skimming missile detection mode, with high antenna rotation speed to detect and track very small manoeuvring targets.
There is also an SPS-753 navigation radar operating at I-band.
舰艇配备有阿莱尼亚•马可尼公司RAN-30 X/I多模式雷达,运行在X-波段。RAN-30X有四个操作模式:表面和空中监视模式用于小型空中/表面目标;导航和直升飞机控制模式使用高天线旋转速度用于在海岸线附近导航;地平线上(OTH)探测模式使用低天线旋转速度和远距探测能力;反掠海攻击导弹探测模式,使用高天线旋转速度去发现和并且追踪非常小和具有机动能力的目标。
还装备一套SPS-753导航雷达,在I-波段操作。
 


The Selex RAN-30X/I multi-mode radar operating at X band.
塞莱克斯RAN-30X/I型多模式雷达在X波段操作。

COMBATANT SHIP PROPULSION
战斗舰推进系统


The Commandante's propulsion system is based on two GM Trieste Wartsila W18-V 26 XIV diesels engines, developing 13.2MW, and three Isotta Fraschini 1712 T2 ME diesel generators, providing 900kW of power each. The engines drive two shafts with constant pitch propellers. Two rudders and two active fin stabilisers are installed for precision manoeuvring.
舰艇的推进系统采用二台GM Trieste Wartsila W18- V 26 XIV柴油机,提供13, 200kW动力,三台Isotta Fraschini 1712 T2 ME柴油发电机,每台提供900 kW电力。发动机双轴连接驱动两台定距螺旋浆。采用双舵操控和二具主动稳定鳍用于精确操纵。

Sirio and Orione have two GM Trieste Wartsila W12-V 26 XN diesel engines developing 4,320kW each.
西里奥和奥里奥内使用二台GM Trieste Wartsila W12- V 26 XN柴油机,每台提供4,320 kW动力。

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