MEKO A CLASS CORVETTES AND FRIGATES, GERMANY

德国MEKO级轻护卫舰

Date:2016-08-10 Source:naval-technology By:Globalmil Viewed:


MEKO A-200 SAN anti-air corvettes for the South African Navy
南非海军MEKO A-200 SAN防空轻护卫舰

The MEKO A combat ships, designed by Blohm and Voss, evolved from the MEKO family of ships which have been in operation with navies around the world since the 1980s. The MEKO A family includes the 1,650t MEKO A-100 multi-purpose corvette and 3,500t MEKO A-200 corvette. Improvements include increased payload share of ship displacement, stealthy design, advanced propulsion system and combat systems with modular open architecture.
Meko级战斗舰艇,由德国布洛姆(Blohm)&福斯(Voss)造船厂设计,MEKO系列战舰的发展从1980年起已在世界各地的海军中操作。MEKO系列包括1650吨MEKO A-100多用途护卫舰和MEKO3500吨A-200护卫舰。改进包括增加舰艇载荷分配和排水量、隐身设计、先进的推进系统和模块化开放式体系结构作战系统。
 
Four MEKO A-200 anti-air corvettes have been ordered by the South African Navy to enter service in 2004. A group of South African companies, known as the SA Corvette Group, including Altech Defence Systems, Kentron, LIW Division of Denel, Futuristic Business Solutions, Grintek Avitronics, Grintek Electronics, Reutech and African Defence Systems (a joint venture company between Altech and Thales), is responsible for combining the weapons and electronics subsystems into a fully integrated combat suite. Two of the corvettes are being built by Blohm & Voss at Hamburg, the other two at Kiel.
四艘MEKO A-200型防空护卫舰已被南非海军订购于2004年开始服役,南非集团公司,被称为SA克尔维特集团,包括Altech防卫系统公司,Kentron公司,Denel的LIW公司,未来商业电子公司,Grintek Avitronics公司,Grintek电子系统公司,Reutech和非洲防卫系统公司 (Altech和泰利斯之间的一个合资公司),负责整合武器和电子子系统进一个完全综合战斗组件之内。 轻护卫舰中的二艘在汉堡市被布洛姆(Blohm) & 福斯(Voss)建造,另外两艘在基尔(Kiel)。
 
The first, the SAS Amatola, was delivered to the South African Navy by Blohm & Voss in September 2003 and arrived in Simonstown (which will be the home port) in November 2003, to be fitted out with weapon systems electronics. The second ship, SAS Isandlwana, was handed over by HDW in December 2003 and arrived in South Africa in March 2004. The third vessel, SAS Spioenkop, was launched in June 2003 and will be delivered in June 2004. The fourth ship, SAS Mendi, will be delivered by the end of 2004.
第一艘F 145,SAS Amatola号,在2003年9月由布洛姆&福斯造船厂交付给南非海军,并且在2003年11月抵达西蒙斯敦(这将是母港),进行安装武器系统和电子系统工作。第二艘F 146,SAS Isandlwana号,在2003年12月由HDW造船厂交付,并且在2004年3月抵达南非。第三艘船F 147,SAS Spioenkop号,在2003 年6月下水,将在2004年6月交付。第四艘船F 148,SAS Mendi号,将会在2004年底交付。
 
The Polish Navy is also to procure six corvettes based on the Meko A-100 for their Project 621 corvette programme, with first delivery in 2004. The corvettes are to be built in Poland. The five new German Navy K130 corvettes are to be based on the Meko A.
波兰海军为他们的项目621护卫舰计划也采购六艘基于梅科A-100型的轻型护卫舰,在2004年首次交付的护卫舰将在波兰建造。五艘新的德国海军K130型轻型护卫舰是基于Meko A型。
 
The Malaysian Navy has ordered six Meko A-100s to be used as coastal patrol vessels. The first two are being built in Germany and assembled in Malaysia. Subsequent vessels will be built by PSC Naval Dockyard, Malaysia. The first ship was delivered to the PSC for final outfitting and sea trials in May 2003. The second is due for delivery in 2004.
马来西亚海军已订购了六艘MEKO A-100型当作海岸巡逻舰。前两艘在德国建造,并在马来西亚组装。后续舰艇将通过马来西亚PSC海军船厂建造。第一艘被送到PSC最终舾装和在2003年5月海试。第二艘在2004年交付。
 
STEALTH DESIGN FEATURES
隐身设计特点 

Stealth design features have been introduced to reduce the radar cross-section. Hull panels are alternately angled to avoid large flat surfaces, an arrangement called "X-form". Right angle corners are avoided and the decks and superstructure have been decluttered. The bridge wings present on the original MEKO have been eliminated and the bridge is completely enclosed.
隐身设计的功能已被引入用于减少雷达横截面。船体面板交互角度避免大平面,所谓的“X”布局。避免直角和甲板和上部构造已修整。在MEKO上舰桥侧楼目前已被淘汰,舰桥是完全封闭的。
 
A reduction of about 75% on the ship's infrared signature has been achieved by elimination of the funnel, and instead hot exhaust gases are ducted through a horizontal system. Seawater is injected into the exhaust duct to cool the exhaust fumes, before being expelled just above the waterline.
减少舰船75%的红外特征已经淘汰了烟囱,而热废气导管通过横向系统。海水喷入排气管冷却废气,然后仅从吃水线上排出。
 
MEKO A-200 SAN ANTI-AIR CORVETTE
MEKO A-200型SAN防空轻护卫舰
 
The four MEKO A-200 SAN anti-air corvettes for the South African Navy will be equipped with African Defence Systems' Combat Management System and Navigation Subsystem. ADS will also act as the Segment Manager for the corvette's underwater systems including the sonars and torpedoes.
南非海军四艘MEKO A-200型SAN防空护卫舰将配备非洲防务系统公司作战管理系统和导航子系统。ADS公司也将作为部分管理再负责护卫舰的水下系统,包括声纳和鱼雷。
 
The ship's integrated Seacom communications system is based on dual redundant high speed fibre optic networks and a modular hardware and software architecture. It is supplied by Grintek Electronics Systems based in Tokai, South Africa.
舰艇的集成SEACOM通信系统是基于双冗余高速光纤网络和模块化硬件和软件体系结构。它是由设在图凯,南非Grintek电子系统公司提供。
 
MISSILES SYSTEMS
导弹系统 
 
The corvette is equipped with two four-cell launchers for MBDA MM 40 Exocet surface-to-surface missiles. The anti-ship sea-skimming missile has a range of 70km and uses inertial guidance for the cruise phase of the trajectory and then active radar homing.
 护卫舰配备两套四单元发射装置用于MBDA MM 40型飞鱼反舰导弹。掠海飞行的反舰导弹射程70公里并且巡航阶段飞行采用惯性制导,然后未端主动雷达寻的制导。
 
Two eight-cell vertical 16 Umkhonto surface-to-air missile are fitted. Umkhonto, developed by the Kentron division of Denel based in Centurion, South Africa, has a range of up to 12km. The missile uses an infra-red homing seeker with inertial mid-course guidance. The 23kg warhead is fitted with an active proximity fuse.
配备两套八-单元16枚垂直Umkhonto舰对空导弹。Umkhonto,由设在南非沈丘利亚(Centurion)的丹尼尔公司的肯特隆公司发展的Umkhonto防空导弹,射程达到12公里,导弹采用一个红外主动导引头和惯性中段引导。23公斤弹头配备一个主动近发引信。
 
The corvettes have one spot for a medium-sized helicopter. The South African Navy has ordered four AgustaWestland SuperLynx helicopters for the A-200 vessels.
该护卫舰有一个中型直升机停机坪。南非海军为A-200型订购了4架阿古斯塔•韦斯特兰公司超级山猫直升机。
 
GUNS
舰炮
 
Four existing 76mm Oto Melara guns will be transferred from South African Navy OPVs to the corvettes. Reutech Systems (Pty) Ltd has developed a new generation electric gun drive system and these will be fitted to the guns in place of the previous hydraulic system.
The corvette will be armed with a 35DPG 35mm dual purpose gun from LIW division of Denel, Pretoria. A dual antenna Doppler radar, combined with high speed digital signal processing of the muzzle velocity measurement provide compensating feedback to the Fire Control Computer. Firing one burst of 25 rounds, cruise missiles are destroyed at ranges of at least 2.5km and high speed missiles at range 1.5km.
现有四座76毫米奥托梅莱拉舰炮将从南非海军巡逻艇转移到护卫舰上。 Reutech系统(控股)有限公司已开发出新一代电动舰炮驱动系统,这些将被装到舰炮代替以前的液压系统。
护卫舰装备一门35DPG 35毫米双用途舰炮,由位于比勒陀利亚的丹尼尔的LIW公司提供。双天线多普勒雷达,具有初速测量的高速数字信号处理相结合提供补偿反馈到火控计算机。一轮突发发射25发,至少2.5公里距离摧毁巡航导弹和在1.5公里距离摧毁高速导弹。
 
ELECTRO-OPTICAL TRACKER
光电跟踪系统
 
The Corvette is equipped with the RTS 6400 naval optronic and radar tracking system developed by Reutech Systems, Stellenbosch, South Africa. The X-band (I/J bands) radar detection range is more than 25km against fighter targets and more than 16km against missile targets in poor weather. The dual band thermal imaging sensor operates in 3-5 and 8-12 micron wavebands. The system incorporates an eyesafe laser range finder.
轻护卫舰配备了位于南非斯泰伦博斯的Reutech系统公司开发的RTS6400海军光电和雷达追踪系统。 X波段(I/ J波段)雷达探测距离对战斗机目标超过25公里和在恶劣天气对导弹目标超过16公里以上。双波段热成像传感器在3-5和8-12微米波段操作。该系统集成了人眼安全激光测距仪。
 
ELECTRONIC WARFARE SUITE
电子战套件
 
Grintek Avitronics Maritime Division are supplying the electronic warfare suite, which includes radar warning receivers and intercept systems, jamming systems and decoys.
The corvette's Rocket Decoy System (RDS), developed by Grintek, Tokai, South Africa, consists of up to four rocket launchers interfaced to a single controller, integrated with the ship's electronic warfare suite. The launcher accommodates up to 48 rockets.
Grintek Avitronics海事公司提供电子战套件,包括雷达告警接收机和拦截系统,干扰系统和诱骗器。轻护卫舰火箭诱骗系统(RDS)由位于南非图凯的Grintek公司发展,使用四套火箭发射装置界面连接到一个单一的控制器所组成,并且和舰载电子战套件整合,发射装置可容纳48枚火箭。
 
PROPULSION SYSTEM
推进系统
 
The propulsion system is based on a CODAG-WARP (Combined Diesel and Gas - Water Jet and Refined Propeller) configuration. Two MTU 16V 1163 TB 93 diesel engines (5,920kW each) drive controllable pitch propellers and a single GE LM 2500 20,000kW gas turbine acts on a waterjet propulser system, providing a maximum speed of more than 27 knots.
推进系统采用一组CODAG-WARP(组合柴油机和燃气轮机-喷水和精确推进器)配置。两台MTU 16V 1163 TB 93型柴油发动机(每台5,920kW)驱动可调螺距螺旋桨和一台GE LM2500型20,000kW燃气轮机驱动喷水推进系统,提供超过27节的最高航速。
 
MEKO A-100 RMN PATROL CORVETTE
MEKO A-100 RMN型巡逻护卫舰  
 
The MEKO A-100 RMN patrol vessel being built for Malaysia has a displacement of 1,650t. The propulsion system is based on two Caterpillar 3616 (5,450kW) diesel engines each driving two controllable pitch propellers. CAE of Canada is to provide the Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS) that will monitor and control propulsion, electrical and auxiliary systems.
 MEKO A-100 RMN型巡逻护卫舰为马来西亚建造排水量1650吨。推进系统采用二台Caterpillar 3616(5,450千瓦) 柴油机各自驱动二具可调螺距螺旋浆。加拿大CAE公司提供整合的平台管理系统(IPMS),用来监测和控制推进、电力和辅助系统。
 
The corvettes have one helicopter spot for a helicopter such as AgustaWestland Super Lynx 300 or Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk. Initially, the vessels will be armed with an Oto Melara 76/62 Rapid medium range gun and an Oto Melara/Mauser 30mm short-range gun, but provision is made for the later addition of one RAM (Rolling Airframe Missile) RIM-116A launcher for air defence and two launchers for the MM40 Exocet anti-ship missile. The vessel's combat management system will be the STN Atlas Elektronik COSYS-110M1 with a TMEO electro-optic fire director from Oerlikon Contraves.
轻护卫舰有一个直升机停机坪用于阿古斯塔•韦斯特兰公司超级山猫300型或西科斯基“海鹰”(Seahawk)S-70 B型。最初,舰艇将只配备一座梅莱拉公司76 / 62快速中距火炮和奥托梅莱拉/毛瑟30毫米近程火炮,但预备安排稍后增加一套滚动弹体导弹(RAM)RIM-116 A发射装置用于防空和二个发射装置用于MM40 Exocet掠海攻击反舰导弹。舰艇作战管理系统将会采用STN Atlas Elektronik COSYS-110M1连同由Oerlikon Contraves公司提供的一套TMEO光电火控系统。
 
The main surveillance radar will be the TRS-3D/16 ES three-dimensional radar from EADS Deutschland. The vessels will also be equipped with MDS 3060 obstacle avoidance sonar and ALEX chaff/decoy launching system. Other systems have yet to be decided.
主监视雷达将采用德国EADS公司的TRS-3D /16 ES三座标雷达。这些舰艇也将搭载MDS3060型避障声纳和ALEX箔条/诱骗发射系统。其他系统还没有决定。
 
 

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