Type 053H2 Class (Jianghu-III) Missile Frigate

中国053H2型“江湖”(Jianghu)-III级导弹护卫舰

Date:2016-04-06 Source:internet By:Globalmil Viewed:


中国海军053H2型(江湖-III级)首舰535 “黄石”(Huangshi)号

NAME
命名

PLA Official Designation: Type 053H2 
NATO Code-Name: Jianghu-III Class
PLA 官方指定:053H2型
北约代号:“江湖”(Jianghu)-III级

CONTRACTOR
承包商


Hudong Shipyard, Shanghai 
沪东造船厂,上海

PROGRAMME
计划

The Type 053H2 (Jianghu-III class) is a radical upgraded variant of the Type 053H1, and is generally regarded as the most capable variant of Jianghu class. The Type 053H2 is the first Chinese surface combatant to be armed with the YJ-8 (C-801) anti-ship missiles. It is also the first Chinese surface combatant to be fitted with airtight cabins, central air conditioning, and collective anti-NBC system. The radar systems, powerplant, and command and control all have been improved compared to the previous models of the Type 053H/Jianghu class series frigate.
中国海军053H2型(江湖-III级)是经升级053H1型的改进型,并且通常被视为江湖级最有能力的改进型。053H2型是配备YJ-8(C-801)反舰导弹的第一种中国水面战舰。它也是第一种中国水面战舰配备有气密舱、中央空调和集体防核、生、化系统。与以前型号的053H型/江湖级系列护卫舰相比,雷达系统、动力装置、指挥和控制已经全部被改进。

Type 053H2 is China's first indigenous warship that is close to Western designs
053H2型是中国的第一种接近西方设计的本国自行建造的军舰
 
The Type 053H2 missile frigate project was first proposed to the PLA Navy in 1981. The contract to build the first ship was signed between the PLA Navy Equipment Department and China National Shipbuilding Co. (CNSC) in November 1983. Construction of the first of class 535 Huangshi began in April 1984. The ship was launched in October 1985, and entered service with the PLA Navy East Set Fleet in December 1986. The second ship 536 Wuhu was launched in 1987 and commissioned in February 1988. This was followed by another four hulls built for the Royal Thai Navy (Chinese-made hull fitted with U.S. and European weapon and sensor systems). The last ship 537 Zhoushan was delivered to the PLA Navy in 1993.
053H2型导弹护卫舰计划在1981年开始向PLA海军提出。1983年11月建造第一艘舰艇的合同在PLA海军装备部门和中国国家造船公司(CNSC)之间签署。该级的第一艘535“黄石”(Huangshi)号的建造在1984年4月开始。护卫舰在1985年10月下水,而且在1986年12月进入PLA海军东海舰队服役。第二艘536“芜湖”(Wuhu)号在1987年下水并且在1988年2月服役。后继另外为泰国海军建造了四艘舰体(中国建造舰体,安装美国、欧洲武器和传感器系统)。在1993年最后一艘537“舟山”(Zhoushan)号被交付给PLA海军。


中国海军053H2型(江湖-III级)536 “芜湖”(Wuhu)号

The Type 052H2/Jianghu-III class is generally regarded as the first Chinese-made surface combatants that shifted away from the 1950s/60s-era Soviet designs. The layout and arrangement of the Type 053H2 frigate have some apparent features from Western, particularly West European designs. The ship has also been incorporated with some relatively advanced Western as well as indigenous technologies.
052H2型/江卫-III级通常被视为第一种中国建造的水面舰艇远离了1950年/60年-苏联时代的设计。053H2型护卫舰的布局和配置有来自西方的一些外观特点,特别西欧的设计。护卫舰也已经合并使用一些相对地先进的西方和本国的技术。

INVENTORY
编录

编号(Number)
命名(Name)
舰队(Fleet)
龙骨铺设(Laid Down)
下水(Launched)
服役(Commissioned)
535 “黄石”(Huangshi) 东海舰队(East Sea Fleet) 04/1984 10/1985 12/1986
536 “芜湖”(Wuhu) 东海舰队(East Sea Fleet) 1987 - 02/1988
537 “舟山”(Zhoushan) 东海舰队(East Sea Fleet) - - 1993


DESIGN FEATURES
设计特点

Before the introduction of the Type 053H2/Jianghu-III class, surface combatants in service with the PLA Navy only had very primitive living conditions for their crew. The combat doctrines of the PLA Navy at the time emphasised merely on the spiritual power and bravery of the crew, while the standard of living condition onboard was regarded as both unnecessary and having negative influence on the morale of the crew.
在053H2型/江湖-III级建造之前,在PLA海军服役中的水面战舰为他们的组员仅仅拥有非常简陋的生活设施。PLA海军的战斗教条在那时只强调在精神上的动力和组员的勇敢上,舰艇上生活设施标准被视为是两者,不必要的和对组员的士气有负面影响。

The Type 053H2 frigate was actually the first Chinese-made surface combatant that gave great priority to the living conditions of the crew. For the 170 sailors and 30 officers onboard, there are 13 sailor cabins, 16 off icier cabins, one canteen, and 4 living-room cabins, all of which are airtight and fitted with central air conditioning and collective anti-NBC system.
053H2型护卫舰实际上是第一种中国建造的水面战舰对组员的生活设施给予极高优先次序。对于在舰艇上的170名水手和30名军官,有13间像海员舱,16间军官舱,一个餐厅和4间客舱,全部是密闭和安装使用中央空调和集体防核、生、化系统。

In addition, the Type 053H2 was also the first Chinese frigate fitted with a combat data system to integrate various sensors and weapon systems onboard, thus increasing the combat effectiveness of the ship. In addition, electronic warfare and countermeasures (EW/ECM) capabilities are also enhanced.
除此之外,053H2型也是第一种中国的护卫舰安装使用一套战斗数据系统去组合舰载各种不同的传感器和武器系统,因而增加护卫舰战斗效力。另外,电子战和干扰(EW/ECM)能力也被提高。

With the various modifications, the Type 053H2 frigate has a slightly larger displacement than the previous Jinghu class frigate. The ship is capable for coastal patrol and surface strike missions, but lacks long distance self-contain ability. In addition, the frigate still suffers from extremely poor air defence and ASW capabilities as other PLA Navy surface combatants built before the 1990s.
采用各种不同的改进,053H2型护卫舰稍微增加排水量超过以前的江湖级护卫舰。护卫舰有能力用于海岸巡逻和水面打击任务,但是缺乏远航程自持能力。除此之外,护卫舰仍然承受极端不足的防空和ASW能力,像在1990年之前建造的其它PLA海军水面战舰一样。

COMMAND, CONTROL, COMMUNICATIONS & INTELLIGENCE (C3I) 
指挥、控制、通信&情报(C3I)

The Type 053H2 frigate is fitted with a British-made CTC-1629 combat data system (also known as intelligence centre), or its Chinese copy ZKJ-3A. The system has the most basic command and control functions but is fairly primitive and out of date. Other systems include two indigenous optronic directors (for dual-100 mm main gun targeting), radio communications, and satellite communications (SATCOM).
053H2型护卫舰配备有一台英国制造的CTC-1629战斗数据系统(也即是情报中心),或它的中国仿造ZKJ-3A型。系统有最基本的指挥和控制功能但是相当原始和过时的。其它的系统包括二部中国自制的光电指示器(用于双管-100毫米主炮瞄准),无线电通信和卫星通信(SATCOM)。

MISSILES
导弹

The ship's surface-to-surface missile system is the indigenous YJ-8 (or in its export designation C-801) sea skimmer anti-ship missile. The missile system has eight box launchers (in four groups, each with 2 launchers). The missile uses active radar homing and is powered by a turbojet engine (with a solid rocket booster). With a max range of 42 km at a speed of 0.9 Mach, the missile is armed with a 165 kg warhead.
护卫舰反舰导弹系统是本国自行研制的YJ-8(或在它外销指定为C-801)掠海反舰导弹。导弹系统有八套箱体式发射装置(在四联中,每联使用2套发射装置)。导弹使用主动雷达导引和由一台涡轮喷气发动机提供动力(使用一台固体火箭助推器)。以0.9Mach速度最大射程42公里,导弹配备一枚165公斤弹头。

The third ship 537 Zhoushan was reported to be fitted with the modified YJ-82 (C-802) anti-ship missile, which has an extended range of 120 km.
第三艘537 “舟山”(Zhoushan)号据称配备有经改进的YJ-82(C-802)反舰导弹,增程到120公里。


中国海军053H2型(江湖-III级)537 “舟山”(Zhoushan)号

GUNS 
主炮

The ship's main guns installed on the bow and stern deck are the Type 79A dual-100 mm 56 calibre gun which fires 15 kg rounds at a rate of 18 rounds/min. The range of the gun is more than 22 km against surface targets.
舰艇79A型双管-100毫米56倍口径主炮安装在舰艏和尾甲板上,以18发/分钟射速发射15公斤弹药。对抗水面目标主炮射程超过22公里。

Four Type 76 dual-37 mm 63 calibre manual anti-aircraft guns fire shells at a rate of 400 rounds/min to a range of 9.4 km for airborne targets.
四座76型双管-37毫米63倍口径手动高射炮以400发/分钟射速和9.4公里射程用于空中目标。

ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE (ASW)
反潜战斗(ASW)

The ship has two 5-tubed Type 81 multiple ASW rocket launchers located on the bow deck with 30 rockets. For depth charges (DC), the ship is fitted with four Type 64 DC projectors and two DC racks.
护卫舰在舰艏甲板有二具5-管型81型多管ASW火箭发射装置和30枚火箭。用于深水炸弹(DC),护卫舰配备有四个64型深水炸弹投放器和二个深水炸弹架。

RADAR
雷达

The ship's primary air/surface search radars include a Type 354 Eye Shield 2D air/surface radar operating at I-band, and a Type 517H-1 Knife Rest 2D long-range air search radar operating at A-Band.
护卫舰的主空中/水面搜索雷达包括一套354型“护眼罩”2D空中/水面雷达,在I-波动操作,和一套517H-1型“刀架”(Knife Rest)2D远程空中搜索雷达,在A-波段操作。

The ship has three fire-control radars. One Type 352 Square Tie operating at I-band for surface search and YJ-8 SSM targeting, one Type 343 Wasp Head operating at G/H-band for the dual-100 mm main guns and SSM, and two Type 341 radars for dual-37 mm AAA gun targeting.
护卫舰有三套火控雷达。一套352型“方领带”在I-波段操作用于水面搜索和YJ-8 SSM瞄准,一套343型“黄蜂头”在G/H-波段操作用于双管-100毫米主炮和SSM,两套341型雷达用于双管-37毫米AAA炮瞄准。

Two Racal RM-1290 navigation radars operating at I-band are also fitted.
二套Racal RM-1290导航雷达在I-波段操作也被安装。

Type 053H3 frigate upgraded with a new stealthy dual-100 mm main gun
053H3型护卫舰升级使用一座新的隐形双管-100毫米主炮
 
COUNTERMEASURES
对策

The ship's electronic warfare suite include a RWD-8 Jug Pair intercept, a Type 923-I radar warning receiver, Type 651A IFF, and two Mk-36RBOC 6-barrel chaff/decoy rocket launchers.
舰艇电子战组件包括RWD-8Jug Pair窃听、923-I型雷达告警接收机、651A型IFF和二套Mk-36RBOC 6管箔条/诱骗火箭发射装置。

SONAR
声纳

The ship has a SJD-5 medium-frequency hull-mounted sonar installed for active search and attack, a SJC-1B reconnaissance sonar, and a SJX-4 communications sonar.
舰艇有一套SJD-5中频舰体安装声纳,用于主动搜索和攻击,一套SJC-1B侦察声纳和一套SJX-4通信声纳。

PROPULSIONS
推进

The Type 053H2G is powered by two 12E390VA diesels rated at 16,000 hp (17.6 kW). Two shafts drive propellers. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 26.5 knots.
053H2G型动力使用二台12E390VA型柴油发动机,额定16,000马力(17.6千瓦)。二轴驱动螺旋浆。推进系统提供26.5节的最大速度。

SPECIFICATIONS
规格

Displacement: (Full load) 1,960 tons
Dimensions: Length 103.2 m; Beam 11.3 m, Draft 3.19 m
Speed: 26.5 knots
Crew: 190~200
排水量: (满载) 1,960 吨
尺寸: 长度 103.2米;舰宽 11.3 米,吃水线3.19 米
速度: 26.5 节
组员: 190~200 名

    pre[上一篇]:Jianghu-I、II、IV Class (Type 053H、053H1、053HT-H) missile frigate   next[下一篇]:Type 053H1G (Jianghu-V Class) Missile Frigate

      Type 056 corvette  
      中国056型护卫舰
          The Type 056 (NATO reporting name: Jiangdao) is a Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy corvette.... [2018-05-16]
      Jianghu-I、II、IV Class (Type 053H、053H1、053HT-H) missile frigate  
      中国“江湖”-I、II、IV(053H、053H1、053HT-H)导弹护卫舰
          Developed in the 1960s as a major surface combatant for coastal defence, the Type 053 (Jianghu Class) missile frigate is the largest surface combatant family in service with the PLA Navy, with a total of XX ships of five variants built.... [2016-12-24]
      Ma'anshan Class (Type 054) Missile Frigate  
      中国海军“马鞍山”级(054型)导弹护卫舰
          Ma’anshan class (Type 054) is the multirole missile frigate for the PLA Navy to succeed the Jiangwei class frigate.... [2016-04-28]
      Type 053H1G (Jianghu-V Class) Missile Frigate  
      中国053H1G型“江湖”(Jianghu)-V级导弹护卫舰
          Derived from the Type 051H1 (Jianghu-II class), the Type 051H1G/Jianghu-V class has many improvements in term of weapon and electronic systems... [2016-04-06]