Type 67 7.62mm General Purpose Machinegun

中国67式7.62毫米通用机枪

Date:2017-02-19 Source:Internet By:Globalmil Viewed:

by Timothy Yan
原作:Timothy Yan
 


The Type 67-II General Purpose Machinegun mounted on tripod. 
在三脚上安装67-2式通用机枪

Development History:
发展历史记录:
 
The original Type 67 medium machine gun was developed as a lightweight replacement for the Type 53 (SG43) and Type 57 (SGM) medium 7.62mm machine guns, both were originally copied from Russian designs.
最初67式中型机枪发展当做一种轻便的用于代替53式(SG43)和57式(SGM)中型7.62毫米机枪,两者都最初仿造俄国设计。
 
Development of the Type 67 commenced in late 1959 led by Dr. Duo Ying Jian and his small team of researchers from Beijing Industrial Technology Academy. The design team incorporated features from machine guns already in Chinese production or had been produced previously. Consequently, the Type 67 can be seen to incorporates design features from the Type 26 (ZB26), Type 24 (Maxim-Vickers), Type 57 (SMG) and Type 56 (RPD) and indigenous design features. This design philosophy obviated the need to drastically redesign production tooling as the Type 67 could be produced with existing tooling.
67式的发展从1959年后期开始,由来自北京工业技术学院的Duo Ying Jian博士和他的研究小组进行。设计组综合中国生产中或者以前生产的机枪特点。结果,67式能被看到综合来自26式(ZB26)、24式(Maxim-Vickers)、57式(SMG)和56式(RPD)和本国设计特点。这一种设计方式排除需要大幅重新设计生产工具,67式能使用现有工具生产。
 
Another reason for pushing the development of a new weapon was that by the late 1950s, the Sino-Soviet relationship began to deteriorating. It was unlikely, the Russian will offer any farther technical assistance nor selling their new design like the Kalashnikov PK machine gun to the Chinese.
推动新的武器发展的另外一个理由是在1950年后期,中苏关系开始恶化。它不太可能,俄国将会提供任何的更进一步的技术上协助,也不会向中国销售他们的新设计像Kalashnikov PK机枪。
 
A prototype was ready for firing range testing in 1963 and was tested against the two machine guns that it was intended to replace. Test results indicated that the prototype outperformed both the Type 53 and Type 57. The prototype then went onto a major design change phase. Up to that time, the Type 67 was designed only for tripod use. However, by the mid 1960’s, Chinese designers had gained access to captured American made M60 General Purpose Machine Guns (GPMG) from the Vietnam War. A decision was made to change the Type 67 tripod-only configuration to a folding bipod along with a wooden butt stock, reminiscent of the M60. By the end of its development, the Type 67 had evolved into a GPMG that could be used on either bipod or tripod. The design was finalized in 1967 and production commenced shortly after.
在1963年一个原型做好准备用于射击射程测试,同两种打算替换的机枪比试。测试结果显示原型赢过了53式和 57式。原型然后进入一个主设计变化阶段。直到那个时期,67式设计仅仅用于三脚架使用。然而,在1960年中,中国设计者已经从越南战争中得到被缴获的美国M60通用机枪(GPMG)。一个决定被作出去改变仅仅三架脚配置的67式到一个折叠两脚架连同一个木制枪托,使人想起了M60。在它的发展结束以前,67式已经发展进入GPMG之内,能够在两脚架或三脚架两者上使用。设计在1967年结束,而且在之后不久开始生产。

附补充资料:摘自中华网和其它论坛

        67式轻重两用机枪 

        经过十几年的仿制过程后,北京工业学院、人民解放军军械研究所与有关军工厂于1967年联合研制成功一种轻重两用机枪,命名为1967年式7.62毫米通用机枪。它是新中国自行研制并大量装备军队的第一种机枪。在该枪基础上,此后又推出性能更优的67-1式和67-2式通用机枪。它们伴随步兵战斗,能对付地面有生目标、薄壁装甲及低空飞行目标。机枪上的瞄准装置可平射、高射,也能在夜间使用 
   
  67式轻重两用机枪以重机枪为主,兼作轻机枪使用,也可对空射击,配有三脚架和固定两脚架。 
   
  该枪采用导气式自动原理;枪机偏移式闭锁机构,一次供弹,实施连发射击。 
   
  口径:7.62毫米 
  全长:1650毫米 
  枪管长:605毫米 
  瞄准基线长:670毫米 
  全重:24千克 
  枪身重:11千克 
  枪架重:13千克 
  初速:840米/秒 
  理论射速:700发/分 
  战斗射速:300发/分 
  有效射程:1000米(重型)  800米(轻型) 
  弹箱容量:250发 
  枪弹:53式枪弹 7.62*54毫米

    67-1式通用机枪

    67-1式7.62毫米通用机枪是67式轻重两用机枪的改进型,1978年设计定型,1980年生产定型,目前已被67-2式通用机枪取代。由于67式轻重两用机枪主要作重机枪使用,因此将67-1式机枪称作重机枪。

    该枪采用导气式自动原理;枪机偏移式闭锁机构,一次供弹,实施连发射击;两脚架可拆卸。


中国67-1式通用机枪

    性能:

    口径:7.62毫米 
    全长:1345毫米 
    枪管长:606毫米 
    瞄准基线长:670毫米 
    全重:25千克 
    枪身重:11.5千克 
    枪架重:13.5千克 
    初速:840米/秒 
    理论射速:650发/分 
    战斗射速:300发/分 
    有效射程:1000米(重型) 800米(轻型) 
    弹箱容量:250发 
    枪弹:53式枪弹,7.62*54毫米

    67-2式通用机枪 国籍:中国

    67-2式7.62毫米通用机枪是67-1式重机枪的改进型,1982年设计定型。是我国目前的主力重机枪。

    该枪主要改进有:减轻重量;对气体调节器、伸缩提把、枪管材质等结构进行改进;改进枪架;采用25发一节的分段组合式弹链等。

    该枪采用导气式自动原理;枪机偏移式闭锁机构,一次供弹,实施连发射击。

    性能:

    口径:7.62毫米 
    全长:1345毫米 
    枪管长:606毫米 
    瞄准基线长:670毫米 
    全重:15.5千克 
    枪身重:10千克 
    枪架重:5千克 
    初速:840米/秒 
    理论射速:650发/分 
    战斗射速:300发/分 
    有效射程:1000米(重型) 800米(轻型) 
    弹箱容量:250发 
    枪弹:53式枪弹,7.62*54毫米


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