New US joint naval strategy focuses on China

简氏:美国新的联合海军战略着眼于中国

Date:2020-12-18 Source:Jane's By:Globalmil Viewed:

18 DECEMBER 2020
by Michael Fabey
2020年12月18日
迈克尔·法比(Michael Fabey)

 
The three US military naval services are focusing their joint energies on counteracting China’s maritime muscle, according to the US tri-service report released on 18 December. In the report titled ‘Advantage at Sea, Prevailing with Integrated All-Domain Naval Power’, the services – the US Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard – note they have developed a joint maritime strategy that focuses on China and Russia, which the services describe as “the two most significant threats to this era of global peace and prosperity”. However, the services reported, “We prioritise competition with China due to its growing economic and military strength, increasing aggressiveness, and demonstrated intent to dominate its regional waters and remake the international order in its favor.”
根据12月18日发布的美国海军三军报告,这三支美国海军部队正在将共同力量集中在对抗中国的海上力量上。在题为“海上优势,拥有综合性全域海军力量”的报告中,现役军方-美国海军,海军陆战队和海岸警卫队指出,他们已经制定了针对中国和俄罗斯的联合海上战略,他们称之为“这个全球和平与繁荣时代的两个最重大的威胁”。 但是,这些现役军方报告说:“由于中国的经济和军事实力不断增强,侵略性不断增强,我们将与中国的竞争放在首位,并显示出了主导其区域水域和重塑有利于中国的国际秩序的意图。”
 
Furthermore, the services point out, China has the capacity to grow its naval might to keep pace with its operations and ambitions. “This rapid growth is enabled by a robust shipbuilding infrastructure, including multiple shipyards that exceed those in the United States in both size and throughput. In conflict, excess (Chinese) industrial capacity, including additional commercial shipyards, could quickly be turned toward military production and repair, further increasing China’s ability to generate new military forces.”
此外,军方指出,中国有能力发展其海军力量,以跟上其行动和野心。 “快速的增长得益于强大的造船基础设施,包括多个造船厂,其规模和吞吐量都超过了美国。 在冲突中,过剩的(中国)工业能力,包括增加的商业造船厂,可能很快会转向军事生产和修理,从而进一步增强了中国产生新军事力量的能力。”
 
To counter the Chinese capability, the three US naval services noted their own plans, combining existing capabilities with new or upgraded platforms and operational concepts. “The navy will deliver Columbia-class (strategic ballistic missile) submarines on time to replace the retiring Ohio-class and continue to modernize nuclear command, control, and communications systems,” the services reported. “As directed by current national guidance, navy is fielding small numbers of low-yield, submarine-launched ballistic missile warheads and will continue development of a nuclear-armed sea-launched cruise missile to ensure the United States can credibly deter nuclear coercion or nuclear employment in any scenario.”
为了对抗中国的能力,美国三个海军部门制定了他们自己的计划,将现有能力与新的或升级的平台和作战概念相结合。“海军将按时交付哥伦比亚级(战略弹道导弹)潜艇,取代即将退役的俄亥俄级潜艇,并继续使核指挥、控制和通信系统现代化。”“按照目前的国家指导方针,海军正在部署少量低当量、潜射弹道导弹弹头,并将继续研制海射核巡航导弹,以确保美国在任何情况下都能可靠地阻止核胁迫或核使用。”

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