China’s civilian and military nuclear activities

中国民用和军用核活动

Date:2010-04-14 Source:china-defense-mashup By:Globalmil Viewed:


The launch silo of China’s ICBM.中国的ICBM发射井

Apr.13 (China MIlitary News cited from Reuters) – Chinese President Hu Jintao is among the prominent leaders attending a two-day nuclear security summit opening on Monday in Washington D.C.

4月13日(来自路透社中国军事新闻)—中国主席胡锦涛是参加在华盛顿举行为期两天的核安全峰会的突出首脑。

The meeting hosted by US President Barack Obama will focus on making atomic facilities and materials safer from theft and terrorist attack, not broader questions about arms controls and cuts.

会议东道主美国总统奥巴马将会把重心集中使核设施和材料免于窃盗和恐怖分子袭击,而不是有关军备控制和削减的诸多问题上。

Here are some facts about China’s civilian and military nuclear activities:

这里是一些有关中国民用和军事核活动事实:

China has 11 working nuclear reactors producing 9.1 gigawatts of power, but wants to raise capacity to 60 GW by 2020, over 5 per cent of the total installed power generating capacity.

中国有11个运行中的核反应堆产生9.1吉瓦功率,但是2020年之前提高能力到60吉瓦,超过电力总装机容量的百分之五。

To reach that goal, China has 17 reactors under construction, and 124 more on the drawing boards, according to the World Nuclear Association (WNA) industry group.

据世界核协会(WNA)工业组织透露,为了要到达那一个目标,中国正在建造17处反应堆,并且计划中124处之多。


The construction of Haiyang-I
 Nuclear Reactor in Shandong Province, China.中国山东省的海洋-I核子反应堆

The expansion will cause Chinese demand for uranium to rise ten fold by 2030, making it the world’s second biggest consumer after the United States, according the WNA forecasts.

据世界核协会(WNA)预测,核反应堆数量的增加将使中国2030年的铀需求增加10倍,从而成为继美国之后的世界第二大铀消费国。

China staged its first nuclear test explosion in October 1964. It joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1992, and is one of the five powers under that treaty with the right to have nuclear weapons.

中国于1964年10月进行首次核爆试验,1992年加入《核不扩散条约》,成为该条约项下有权拥有核武器的五国之一。

Like all the nuclear weapons states, China is secretive about its arsenal. Foreign intelligence and expert estimates of its total stockpile of nuclear warheads vary from about 200 to 240 warheads.

同其他拥有核武器的国家一样,中国的核武库情况也鲜为人知。据国外情报和专家估计,中国核弹头总数在200-240枚之间。

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute has estimated that by 2009 China had 186 deployed strategic nuclear warheads, compared to 2,202 for the United States and 2,787 for Russia.

另据斯德哥尔摩国际和平研究所估计,中国2009年时所部署的战略核弹头为186枚,美国为2202枚,俄罗斯为2787枚。

“There are no indications that China is designing, testing, or producing new nuclear weapons designs,” according to Jeffrey Lewis of the New America Foundation, a think tank in Washington D.C., in an overview of Chinese nuclear arms policy.

对此,美国华盛顿的新美国基金会研究员杰弗里·刘易斯表示:“目前尚无迹象显示中国正在设计、测试或生产新型核武器。”

But China is modernising the means to deliver its nuclear warheads. It is gradually replacing its older, liquid-fueled ballistic nuclear-capable missiles with solid-fuel missiles, which will make launching them faster and less cumbersome.

中国正努力对其核弹头的投射方式进行现代化。它正在逐步地采用固体燃料导弹更换它陈旧的、液体燃料核弹道导弹,将使这些导弹发射更快和更为灵活。

China is also building new “Jin-class” ballistic missile submarines, capable of launching nuclear warheads while at sea.

中国也正在建造新的“晋级”弹道导弹潜艇,有能力的在海上发射核弹头。

These will replace China’s one “Xia-class” ballistic missile submarine, which experts say is in mothballs.

这些将会替代中国一种“夏级”弹道导弹潜艇,专家称是进入封存中。

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