Date:2017-02-04 Source:Internet By:Globalmil Viewed:

The YJ-8 series anti-ship missiles provide a common missile for air, ship, land, and submarine launches. It is equipped by most of the PLA Navy’s surface combatants commissioned after the early 1990s.

The YingJi-8 (YJ-8, NATO Codename: CSS-N-4 Sardine) series anti-ship missiles are developed by China HaiYing Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA, also known as 3rd Aerospace Academy) located in the southwest suburbs of Beijing. The YJ-8 series missiles provide the PLA Navy with a common missile for air, ship, land, and submarine launches. The missile is sea-skimming, active radar guidance. The improved YJ-82 and YJ-83 (C-802/803, NATO Codename: CSS-N-8 Saccade) introduced in the 1990s feature extended range. 
“鹰击”(YingJi)-8(YJ-8,北约代号:CSS-N-4“沙丁鱼”)系列反舰导弹由位于北京西南市郊的中国“海鹰”(HaiYing)机电技术研究院(CHETA,也即是第三航空宇宙研究院)发展。YJ-8系列导弹提供给PLA海军一种通用导弹用于空中、舰艇、陆地和潜水艇发射。导弹是掠海、主动雷达制导。改良的YJ-82和YJ-83(C-802/803,北约代号:CSS-N-8 Saccade)在1990年推出特点是增加射程。

The early basic variant YJ-8 features a maximum range of 42km. The missile has fixed wings and stabilising fins, resulting an oversized box launcher.


3rd Aerospace Academy (now CHETA) began to develop a new generation YJ-8 anti-ship missile in the early 1970s. Unlike the existing Chinese indigenous anti-ship missiles, which were all derived from the Soviet 544 (SS-N-2 Styx) anti-ship missile, the new missile was developed from scratch with certain Western influence. The YJ-8 is almost identical in length and diameter to the French Exocet anti-ship missile, and features a triple control surface similar to those found on the U.S. Harpoon. There has been speculations that the YJ-8 may have been based on Exocet this appears to be groundless.

The YJ-8 development programme was totally sponsored by the 3rd Aerospace Academy with no state funding available. The solid rocket motor for the missile was successfully tested in October 1973. The first test fire was conducted in the early 1980s, but two out of the three missiles launched lost control before reaching the targets. The modified YJ-8 passed its final design test in September 1985 directly hitting targets in all six test launches. The design certificate of this missile was approved in 1987 and was first deployed onboard the PLA Navy Type 053H2 (Jianghu-IV class) frigate. The missile was also promoted to the foreign market under the export name C-801.
YJ-8发展计划完全由第三航空宇宙研究院资助,并且没有得到国家投资。用于导弹的固体火箭发动机在1973年10月成功测试。第一次测试发射在1980年早期内进行,但是二次失去三枚导弹,在发射后到达目标之前失去了控制。被修改的YJ-8在1985年9月通过了它的最后设计测试,在全部六次试射中直接击中目标。这一种导弹的设计证明书在1987年被核准,并且在舰载上被首先部署到PLA海军053 H2型(“江卫”(Jianghu)-IV级)护卫舰。导弹也被推销到国外市场,出口型命名为C-801。

The improved YJ-81 (C-801) in land firing test. The variant features an extended range of 80km and foldable wings to reduce the size of the missile launcher.

3rd Aerospace Academy later developed a range of improved models based on the YJ-8, including the extended range variants YJ-81 (C-801A, with foldable wings) and YJ-83 (C-803), the shore-to-ship variant YJ-82 (C-802 NATO Codename: CSS-N-8 Saccade), the air launched variants YJ-8K (C-801K) and YJ-83K (C-803K), and the submarine launched variant (YJ-8Q/C-801Q?), and land-attack cruise missile variant (YJ-85/C-805?).
第三航空宇宙研究院稍后发展了基于YJ-8的广泛改进型,包括增程改型YJ-81(C-801A,采用可折叠弹翼)和YJ-83(C-803),岸对舰改型YJ-82(C-802北约代号:CSS-N-8 Saccade),空射改型YJ-8K(C-801K)和YJ-83K(C-803K),潜射改型(YJ-8Q/C-801Q?),对陆-攻击巡航导弹改型(YJ-85/C-805?)。


The YJ-8 features a slim cylinder body with round nose, trapezoid wings and stubby fins near the end of the body. The nose section consists of a mono-pulse, high-frequency (possibly J-band) terminal guidance radar seeker with a 165kg semi-armour-piercing warhead behind it. The instrument compartment containing the guidance command processor, vertical gyro, radio altimeter and its antenna, is located in front of the rocket motor.

The terminal guidance radar with mono-pulse system possesses high anti-jamming capabilities. The high precision radio altimeter allows the missile to have minimum-altitude flight above the sea. It uses a semi-armour-piercing anti-personnel blast warhead which relies on the missile's kinetic energy to pierce the deck of a ship, penetrate into and explode in the ship's interior. During final design flight tests, one missile sank a target ship of 10,000t displacement. 

YJ-82 (C-802)

The YJ-82 (C-802) was derived from the YJ-8 with extended range. The YJ-82 is externally similar to the YJ-8, and has the same solid-propellant rocket booster and guidance system. The most distinctive difference on the YJ-82 is that it employs a turbojet with paraffin-based fuel to replace the original solid rocket engine. This caused the fuselage to be extended to accommodate the extra fuel. The max range of the missile has also been extended to 120km, comparing to 40km range of YJ-8 and 80km range of YJ-81.

The YJ-82 has only developed shore-to-ship variant launched from land-based vehicles. The missile received no order from the PLA. Following the 1991 Gulf War, Iran purchased about 60 land-launched C-802 missiles, which were deployed in coastal batteries on Qeshm Island.

The YJ-82 (C-802) land-based anti-ship missile is fitted with a turbojet engine for extended range. The missile did not enter service with the PLA, but has been successful on the international market.

An improved variant designated C-802A was revealed during the Defence Systems & Equipment International (DSEI) Exhibition held in London in September 2050. This variant features an increased range of 180km.

YJ-83 (C-803)

3rd Aerospace Academy continued to improve its YJ-82 missile in the 1990s to meet the requirements of the PLA Navy. The improved variant with further extended range of 150~200km was introduced in the mid-1990s. The YJ-82 is almost identical to the YJ-82 in appearance, but features a datalink antenna on the missile body for receiving midcourse command from airborne radar system carried by helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft. The missile is said to be supersonic but can only achieve Mach 1.5 at the final 15km of its flight. Most YJ-8 missiles onboard the PLA Navy destroyers and frigates are now replaced by the more capable YJ-83.
第三航空宇宙研究院在1990年改进它的YJ-82导弹去符合PLA海军的需求。改进型具有150~200公里的增程特点,在1990年中被推出。YJ-82的外表几乎和YJ-82相同,但特点是在导弹的弹体上有一个数据链天线用于接收来自直升飞机或固定翼飞机携带机载雷达系统的指令。导弹据说是超音速,但是仅仅在最后飞行的15公里内达到Mach 1.5。大量的在PLA海军驱逐舰和护卫舰上舰载YJ-8导弹,现在被更能力的YJ-83代替。

As the YJ-82 did not meet the requirements of the PLA navy, CHETA continued to develop an improved YJ-83 featuring a maximum range of 150~200km. The missile flies supersonic during the final stage of its flight.
YJ-82不符合PLA海军的需求,CHETA发展改进型YJ-83 ,特点是最大射程150~200公里。在它的飞行最后阶段,导弹超音速飞行。


The air-launched variant YJ-8, possibly designated YJ-8K (C-801K), was first tested on a modified H-5 bomber (‘Eagle’ testbed) in the mid-1980s. The missile can be launched from a range of fighter and ground attack aircraft including JH-7 and H-6. Each JH-7 or H-6 can carries four YJ-8 missiles under the wings. The improved YJ-83K was developed from the YJ-83 featuring a turbojet engine for extended range.

The air-launched YJ-8 features a shorter missile body as a result of the removal of the solid booster. Each JH-7 fighter-bomber can carry four YJ-8 missiles under its wings.

JH-7 fighter-bomber carrying four YJ-83 anti-ship missiles under its wings.

Some reports suggested that CHETA has also developed an air-launched land-attack cruise missile (LACM) variant possibly known as YJ-85. The missile said to be fitted with GPS/TERCOM guidance and is comparable to the U.S. stand-off land attack missile (SLAM) in design and performance. 


The submarine launch version of the YJ-8 missile was developed in the mid-1990s. The missile is equipped by the Type 039 (Song class) diesel-electric submarine.

The PLA Navy experimentally converted a Type 033 (Romeo class) diesel-electric submarine in 1987 to carry six YJ-8 missiles in externally launch tubes. The missiles can only be launched after the submarine has surfaced. Later in the early 1990s the PLA Navy developed a new YJ-8 missile that can be launched from underwater. The missile is equipped by the Type 039 (Song class) diesel-electric submarine. The missile is carried inside a special cylinder container, which is launched from the submarine's 553mm torpedo tube. The missile is launched after the container rises to the sea surface.


Length: (YJ-8) 5.814m; (YJ-82) 6.392m 
Diameter: 0.36m
Wingspan: (YJ-8) 1.18m; (YJ-82) 1.22m 
Launch weight: 815kg 
Warhead: 165 kg time-delayed semi-armour-piercing high-explosive
Propulsion: (YJ-8) One solid rocket engine, one solid booster; (YJ-82) One turbojet engine, one solid booster
Max speed: Mach 0.9
Max range: (YJ-8) 42km; (YJ-81) 80km; (YJ-82) 120km; YJ-83 (150~200km)
Flight Altitude: 20~30m (flight); 5~7m (attacking)
Guidance Mode: Inertial and terminal active radar
Single-Shot Hit Probability: 75%

长度: (YJ-8)5.814 米;(YJ-82)6.392 米
直径: 0.36 米
翼展: (YJ-8)1.18 米;(YJ-82)1.22 米
发射重量: 815 kg
弹头: 165公斤延时半穿甲高爆
推进: (YJ-8)一台固体火箭发动机,一台固体助推器;(YJ-82)一台涡轮喷气发动机,一台固体助推器
最大速度: Mach 0.9
最大射程: (YJ-8)42 公里;(YJ-81)80 公里;(YJ-82)120 公里;YJ-83(150~200 公里)
飞行高度: 20~30 米(飞行);5~7 米(攻击)
制导模式: 惯性和末段主动雷达
单发攻击概率: 75%





















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