US Navy 30-year shipbuilding plan reflects Pentagon big-fleet strategy

简氏:美国海军30年造船计划反映五角大楼的大型舰队战略

Date:2020-12-12 Source:Jane's By:Globalmil Viewed:

11 DECEMBER 2020
by Michael Fabey
2020年12月11日
迈克尔·法比(Michael Fabey)
 
The US Navy (USN) released its long-delayed 30-year shipbuilding plan on 10 December with a future fleet architecture that echoes the Pentagon plan detailed earlier this year as part of the Department of Defense’s Battle Force 2045.
美国海军(USN)于12月10日发布了拖延已久的30年造船计划,未来的舰队架构与今年早些时候五角大楼详细制定的计划相呼应,该计划中作为国防部2045年作战部队的一部分详细阐述。
 
The Pentagon in February told Congress it was withholding the mandatory Report to Congress on the Annual Long-Range Plan for Construction of Naval Vessels until it finished the Future Naval Force Study (FNFS), which was examining competitive advantage in great-power military competition through 2045.
五角大楼今年2月对国会表示,在完成未来海军力量研究(FNFS)之前,将暂缓向国会提交关于海军舰艇建造年度长期计划的强制性报告。FNFS正在研究到2045年在大国军事竞争中的竞争优势。
 
The new US Navy shipbuilding plan tries to retain the long-deck aircraft carrier fleet, eye the development of light carriers, fund Columbia-class strategic submarines, significantly augment the number of Virginia-class attack submarines, and substantially increase the number of unmanned systems.
美国海军新的造船计划试图保留长甲板航空母舰舰队,关注轻型航空母舰的发展,为哥伦比亚级战略潜艇提供资金,大幅增加弗吉尼亚级攻击型潜艇的数量,并大幅增加无人系统的数量。
 

The US Navy 30-year shipbuilding plan includes an expanded fleet of Virginia-class attack submarines, like the USS North Dakota (SSN 784). (US Navy)
美国海军30年造船计划包括扩大弗吉尼亚级攻击潜艇舰队,如美国海军北达科他州号(SSN784)。(美国海军)
 
In the plan, the USN says it will provide for “additional ships and associated readiness while staying within the Fiscal Year [FY] 2022 FYDP [Future Years Defense Plan] topline”.
在该计划中,美国海军表示将提供“在不超过[财政年度] 2022财政年度[未来年度防御计划]纲要的前提下,提供更多船只和相关战备状态”。
 
Beyond the five-year FYDP, the USN plan says, “DoN [Department of Navy] funding required to grow and sustain the objective battle force paces forecast long-term US economic growth (2.1% inflation and 2% real growth). This level of projected funding will address both the force structure described in this plan and the manning, training, operations, modernization and infrastructure required to sustain a larger fleet.”
除了五年期的FYDP计划外,USN计划还表示:“ DoN(海军部)资金需要增长并维持客观的作战部队的步伐,预测美国的长期经济增长(通胀为2.1%,实际增长为2%)。 这一水平的预计资金将解决计划中所述的部队结构以及维持更大舰队所需的人员配备,培训,作战,现代化和基础设施。”
 
The USN plan also noted, “This shipbuilding plan reflects the necessary increased funding for both shipbuilding and ship sustainment funding. A combination of topline increases and major internal efficiency savings are used to procure, modernise, man, train, equip and sustain the fleet.”
美国海军(USN)计划还指出:“该造船计划反映出有必要增加对造船和船舶维护资金的资助。上限增加和主要的内部效率的节约相结合,用于采购,现代化,人员,训练,装备和维持舰队。”

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