WEISHI SERIES MULTIPLE LAUNCH ROCKET SYSTEM

中国“卫士”(WEISHI)系列多管发射火箭系统

Date:2017-08-09 Source:Internet By:Globalmil Viewed:


The WS-1 302mm multiple launch rocket was developed by Chengdu-based Sichuan Aerospace Industry Corporation (SCAIC) in the late 1980s for the PLA. The system did not enter batch production.
WS-1 302毫米多管发射火箭被成都建立的四川航空宇宙工业公司(SCAIC)在1980年后期为PLA发展。系统没有进入批量生产。

The WeiShi (WS) family of the multiple launch rocket systems were developed by Sichuan Aerospace Industry Corporation (SCAIC, also known as Base 062) in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. The WeiShi series rocket systems include the 302mm WS-1 (100km range), the improved 302mm WS-1B (180km range), the 122mm WS-1E (40km), and the latest 400mm WS-2 (200km range). The WS-1 series weapon system did not enter PLA service and has not received any order from foreign customer. The WS-2 may finally see PLA service in the future. 
中国“卫士”(WeiShi,WS)多管发射火箭系统的系列产品由位于中国四川省成都的四川航天工业总公司(SCAIC,四川航天技术研究院,也即是062基地)发展。“卫士”(WeiShi)系列发射火箭系统包括302毫米WS-1(100公里射程),改进的302毫米WS-1B(180公里射程),122毫米WS-1E(40公里)和最新400毫米WS-2(200公里射程)。WS-1系列武器系统没有进入PLA服役并且没有收到来自国外客户任何的订购。WS-2可能最后看到将来在PLA服役。 
 
WS-1
卫士-1型
 
SCAIC began to develop an unguided large-calibre multiple launch rocket system for the PLA ground forces in the late 1980s. The resulted WeiShi-1 (WS-1) 302mm, 4-tube multiple rocket system was first tested in 1990. However, the weapon system failed to impress the PLA, and no production order was received. The ground equipment of the WS-1 comprises: a rocket launch truck, a transport and loading truck and a firing command truck. A WS-1 rocket battalion is equipped with:
 
DZ-88B firing command truck (4 men): 1; 
MF-4 rocket launch truck (3 men): 6~9; 
QY-88 transport and loading truck (3 men): 6~9; 
High-altitude meteorological radar (3 men): 1; 
Rockets per launch truck: 40~60 ; 
 
在1980年后期SCAIC开始为PLA地面部队发展一种非制导引大-口径多管发射火箭系统。生产的“卫士”(WeiShi)-1(WS-1)302毫米,4-管多管火箭系统在 1990年被首次测试。然而,武器系统没有使PLA有印象,而且没有收到生产订购。WS-1的地面装备包括:一辆火箭发射卡车,一辆运输和装填卡车和一辆发射指挥卡车。一个WS-1火箭营装备:
 
    DZ-88B 发射指挥卡车:(4 名人员) 1;
    MF-4 火箭发射卡车:(3 名人员) 6~9;
    QY-88 运输和装填卡车:(3 名人员) 6~9;
    高空气象雷达:(3 名人员) 1;
    每辆发射卡车的火箭数量: 40~60;


The 302mm free rocket used by the WS-1 is fitted with a FG-42 rocket motor which gives a maximum firing range of 100km. The improved WS-1B rocket is longer and powered by an improved FG-43 motor, giving a maximum range of 180km.
WS-1B多管发射火箭系统进行发射。系统填充在传统自行火炮系统和地对地战术导弹之间的射程间隙。
 
WS-1B
 
SCAIC continued the WS-1 development in the 1990s and introduced the improved WS-1B in the late 1990s. The WS-1B mainly targeted the foreign customers and was actively marketed by Beijing-based China National Precision Machinery Corporation (CPMIEC). Again the weapon system failed to attract any buyer. Compared to the WS-1, the WS-1B features an increased range of 180km. A WS-1B rocket battalion is equipped with:
 
DZ-4B firing command truck (5 men): 1; 
HF-4B rocket launch truck (3 men): 6~9; 
QY-4B transport and loading truck (3 men): 6~9; 
Type 702 high-altitude meteorological radar (3 men): 1; 
Rockets per launch truck: 40~60; 

卫士-1B型

SCAIC在1990年发展WS-1而且在1990年后期中推出了改进的WS-1B。WS-1B主要地对准了国外客户并且积极地被北京在市场上销售-建立中国国家精密机械公司(CPMIEC)。再一次武器系统没有吸引任何的买主。相对比WS-1,WS-1B特点增加射程到180公里。一个WS-1B火箭营装备:
 
    DZ-4B 发射指挥卡车:(5 名人员) 1;
    HF-4B 火箭发射卡车:(3 名人员) 6~9;
    QY-4B 运输和装填卡车:(3 名人员) 6~9;
    702型 高空气象雷达:(3 名人员) 1;
    每辆发射卡车的火箭数量: 40~60;
 


The WS-1B is a long range artillery rocket weapon system developed from the WS-1. The rocket uses an improved rocket motor to achieve a greater firing range.
WS-1B是从WS-1发展的一种远程炮兵火箭武器系统。火箭使用一个改进的火箭发动机去达到更远的射程。


The WS-1B multiple launch rocket system firing. The system fills the gap in firing range between a conventional self propelled artillery system and a surface to surface tactical missile.
WS-1B多管发射火箭系统进行发射。系统填充在传统自行火炮系统和地对地战术导弹之间的射程间隙。
 
WS-1E
 
The WS-1E is the 122mm multiple rocket system developed by SCAIC as a successor to the PLA’s current Type 81 122mm rocket system. It is similar to the Type 90 122mm rocket system and did not enter production. A WS-1E rocket battalion is equipped with:
 
DZ-88B firing command truck (5 men): 1; 
MF-40 rocket launch truck (3 men): 6; 
Rockets per launch truck: 120~160; 

卫士-1E型

WS-1E是被SCAIC发展的122毫米多管火箭系统被当做PLA的目前81型122毫米火箭系统的一种后继型号。它与90型122毫米火箭系统类似而且没有进入生产。一个WS-1E 火箭营装备:
 
    DZ-88B 发射指挥卡车:(5 名人员) 1;
    MF-40 火箭发射卡车:(3 名人员) 6;
    每辆发射卡车的火箭数量: 120~160;


The DZ-88B Firing Command Truck is equipped with a radio communications and data transmission system; a firing and control computer and simulation trajectory system; a global positioning system; a gyro-theodolite directional system plus infrared ranging system; a field meteorological detection system; and a communication control unit.
DZ-88B发射指挥卡车装备一套无线电通信和数据传输系统;一套发射与控制计算机和模拟轨道系统;一套全球定位系统;加上红外测距系统的一套陀螺-经纬仪方向系统;一套战场气象探测系统和一套通信控制单元。
 
WS-2
 
During the 2004 Zhuhai Air Show, SCAIC revealed its latest WS-2 multiple launch rocket system. The weapon is fitted with 6 box-shape launchers and fires 400mm rockets to a maximum range of 200km. The WS-2 is fitted with a primitive cascade inertial terminal guidance to compensate the degraded accuracy cause by the long distance flight of the rocket. A WS-1E rocket battalion is equipped with:
 
Firing command truck (5 men): 1; 
Rocket launch truck (3 men): 6; 
Tansport and loading truck (3 men): 6~9; 
Rockets per launch truck: 30~48; 
 
卫士-2型

在2004年珠海航展的时候,SCAIC展示了它最新的WS-2多管发射火箭系统。武器配备有最大射程200公里的6个砂箱-形发射装置和发射400毫米火箭。WS-2配备有一个简单的级联惯性末制导去补偿由于火箭远距离飞行下降的精度。一个WS-1E火箭营装备:
 
    发射指挥卡车:(5 名人员) 1;
    火箭发射卡车:(3 名人员) 6;
    运输和装填卡车:(3 名人员) 6~9;
    每辆发射卡车的火箭数量: 30~48;


The latest WS-2 multiple launch rocket system is based on a 8X8 launch truck chassis which mounts six box-shape launchers. The 400mm rocket is fitted with an inertial terminal guidance for high accuracy and has a maximum firing range of 200km.
最新的WS-2多管发射火箭系统以一辆8X8发射卡车底盘为基础安装六个砂箱-形发射装置。400毫米火箭为了高精度配备有一个惯性末制导而且最大射程200公里。

ARMAMENT
装备
 
The free rocket used by the WS-1 and WS-1B consists of the warhead and fuse, an FG-42/43 rocket motor and the tail section. The FG-42/43 rocket motor is a single chamber, solid rocket motor with an advanced hydroxy-terminated polybutadine (HTPB) composition rocket propellant. The rocket of the WS-2 system features four control surfaces in the middle section of the rocket for terminal guidance.
WS-1和WS-1B用的火箭组成包括弹头和保险,FG-42/43火箭发动机和尾段。FG-42/43火箭发动机是一种单室和使用先进的端羟基聚丁二烯(HTPB)合成火箭推进剂的固体火箭发动机。WS-2系统特点是在弹体中部四个控制面用于末制导。
 
The rocket can be fitted with various types of warheads including anti-armour/personnel submunition, blasting, fuel air explosive (FAE), and high-explosive (HE). The ZDB-2 blasting warhead is loaded with steel balls and prefabricated fragments. The SZB-1 submunition warhead is designed to destroy large area targets such as armour formation and infantry troops. When the SZB-1 submunition warhead detonates, around 500 bullets are expelled under high pressure.
火箭能配备有各种类型战斗部包括反装甲/人员弹药,破片,燃料空气炸药(FAE)和高爆(HE)炸药。ZDB-2破片战斗部装填钢球和预制碎片。SZB-1子母弹头被设计破坏大面积目标,像是装甲编队和步兵军队。当SZB-1子母弹头引爆的时候,大约500颗子弹头在高压之下被发射出。
 
LAUNCH TRUCK
发射卡车
 
The launch truck is available in a number of variants. The MF-4 launch truck is based on a Chinese indigenous 6X6 truck chassis. The HF-4 launch truck is based on the more capable Tiema XC2200 6X6 truck. The WS-2 uses a heavier 8X8 Taian TAS-5380 truck chassis. The launch tubes have an elevation range of 0° to 60° and azimuth range of -30° to +30°. The truck is equipped with four hydraulically operated stabilisers which are lowered in preparation for the rocket launch.
发射卡车可得到许多改型。MF-4发射卡车以一种中国自行生产的6X6卡车底盘为基础。HF-4发射卡车以更有能力的Tiema XC2200 6X6 卡车为基础。WS-2使用一种更沉重的8X8 Taian TAS-5380 卡车底盘。发射管有一个0°到60°射角范围和+30°到-30°方位角范围。卡车装备使用四个液压操作稳定器在准备发射火箭发射时降低。


The WS-1 and WS-1B rocket launch truck is available in a 4, 6 or 8 launch tube configuration. The system is operated in a defensive or offensive role for deployment against targets deep behind enemy lines including military bases, massed armoured divisions, missile launch site, airports and airstrips, harbours and military industrial bases.
WS-1和WS-1B火箭发射车辆可得到4,6或8具发射管配置。系统操作在防御和攻击任务用于在敌方战线后打击纵深目标包括军事基地,集合的装甲师,导弹发射位置,飞机场和飞机跑道,港口和军工基地。 
 
SPECIFICATIONS
规格
 
 
WS-1
WS-1B
WS-1E
WS-2
火箭口径(Rocket calibre) 302mm 302mm 122mm 400mm
火箭长度(Rocket length) 4,737mm 6,376mm 2,946mm 7,302mm
火箭重量(Rocket weight) 524kg 725kg 74kg 1,285kg
战斗部(Warhead) 150kg 150kg 18~22kg 200kg
速度(Speed) Mach 4.2 Mach 5.2 N/A Mach 5.6
最小射程(Min range) 40km 60km 20km 70km
最大射程(Max range) 100km 180km 40km 200km
概率偏差(Probability deviation) 1% 1~1.25% 0.83~1% <0.17%
再装填时间(Reloading time) 20 min 20 min N/A 12 min
发射管(Launch tubes) 4~8 4~8 40~50 6
 
 
 

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