Zhi-15 (EC 175) Medium Helicopter

中国直-15(EC 175)中型直升飞机

Date:2013-10-27 Source:internet By:globalmil Viewed:

The Zhi-15 (Z-15) is a 6,000kg-class medium utility helicopter jointly developed by Harbin Aviation Industry (Group) Co. Ltd and French Eurocopter. The helicopter aims to fulfil the growing demand for this class of helicopter in both civil and military markets in the next decade. Harbin and Eurocopter signed a joint development and production agreement worth 6 billion Euros in December 2005. Known as EC 175 in its Eurocopter designation, the helicopter is expected to make its first flight in 2009 and become certified in 2012.

直-15(Z-15)是一种6吨级中型通用直升飞机由哈尔滨飞机工业集团有限责任公司和法国欧直公司共同发展。直升飞机针对满足对该级直升飞机在民用和军用市场的下十年的需求。哈尔滨和欧直公司在2005年12月签署了价值六十亿欧元的联合发展和制造协议。EC 175型是欧直公司的命名,直升飞机被期望在2009年作它的首次飞行并且在2012年通过检定。

Harbin initiated the preliminary researches on the 6,000kg class medium helicopter in the late 1990s. The helicopter was often referred to as the Chinese Medium Helicopter (CMH). According to the report by Flight International, in May 1997 AVIC II and China National Aero-Technology Import-Export Corporation (CATIC) signed a US$70~80 million contract with Eurocopter France to develop an appropriate rotor system, including the main and tail rotor hubs and blades, for the CMH and possibly the WZ-10 attack helicopter too. In March 1999, Agusta announced that it had signed a US$30 million initial contract with AVIC II and CATIC to develop the gear box and transmission components for the CMH.

哈飞公司在1990年后期开始了在6吨级中型直升飞机上的初步研究。直升飞机时常被称为中国中型直升飞机(CMH)。依照《国际航空》的报告,在1997年5月航空工业第二集团公司(AVIC II)和中国航空技术进出口公司(CATIC)与法国欧直公司签署了7~8千万美元的合同发展一种适用的旋翼系统,包括主旋翼、尾旋翼毂和浆叶,用于CMH而且也可能用于WZ-10攻击直升飞机。在1999年3月,阿古斯特·维斯特兰公司宣布已经同航空工业第二集团公司(AVIC II)和中国航空技术进出口公司(CATIC)签署一份3千万美元初始协议为CMH发展齿轮箱和传动部件。

At the same time, several Western companies have been competing in providing the CMH with the powerplant. Pratt and Whitney Canada has delivered two of its 1,700hp (1,250kW) PT6C-67C turbo-shafts to China’s Helicopter Research and Development Institute (CHRDI) located at Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province. Torbomeca has also offered at least one unspecified powerplant, and its new 900kW-class Ardiden turbo-shafts specifically designed for 5/6t class helicopters. Agusta, which is helping China develop the transmission system for the CMH, is providing design expertises which may include the final choice on the powerplant options.

同时,一些西方公司在提供动力装置给CMH方面已经进行竞争。普惠加拿大公司交付两台它的1,700马力(1,250千瓦)PT6C-67C型涡轴发动机给位于江西景德镇的中国直升机设计研究所(CHRDI)。Torbomeca 也已经至少提供一套未知动力装置,和明确设计用于5/6吨级直升飞机新的900千瓦级Ardiden 涡轴发动机。阿古斯特·维斯特兰公司,正在帮助中国发展用于CMH的传动系统,提供可能包括在动力装置方面的最终选项在内的设计专业知识。

According to Chinese media, the medium helicopter project was initially set as a 5,500kg class design, but later changed to 6.000kg after reviewing the potential market needs. The helicopter is likely to enter PLA service in 2015~2020, by which time its current Mi-8/17, S-70, Z-8 and Z-9 fleets will be reaching their life span. The new 6,000kg class helicopter will possibly available in several variants for army support, naval antisubmarine warfare (ASW), and search and rescue (SAR) roles.

依照中国媒体,中型直升飞机计划最初设定5.5吨级设计,但是稍后在考虑潜在市场需求之后改成6吨。直升飞机可能2015~2020年进入PLA服役,到时Mi-8/17、S-70、Z-8和Z-9机群将会到达它们的寿命。新的6吨级直升飞机可能用到的服役型号有陆军支援、海军反潜战(ASW) 和搜寻和援救(SAR)任务。

Chinese state media reported that Harbin and Eurocopter signed an agreement to jointly develop and produce a 6,000kg class helicopter known as Z-15 in its Chinese designation in Paris in December 2005. According to the agreement, each party will shoulder 50% of the total six billion Euros investment to co-develop the helicopter in the coming years. Two assembly lines will be built in China and France respectively. The helicopter is expected to fly in 2009 and receive civil flight approval in 2012. If this goes according the plan, a tactical transport variant of the helicopter may enter PLA service in 2015~2020, possibly followed by a naval variant shortly after.

中国的国家媒体报道2005年12月在巴黎哈飞公司和欧直公司签署了协议共同发展和生产一种中国命名为Z-15的6吨级直升飞机。依照协议,每一方承担总计六十亿欧元投资的50%在未来数年中共同发展直升飞机。二条装配线将会分别在中国和法国建造。直升飞机期望在2009年飞行并在2012年获得民用飞行许可。如果依照计划,直升飞机的一种战术运输型可能2015~2020年进入PLA服役,也许在之后不久接着是一种海军型。

Last update: 15 March 2008[最后更新:2008年3月15日]

补充资料[来源互联网]
 

上世纪60年代起,欧直开始向中国出售“云雀”III型直升机。1980年开始,欧直允许中国生产“海豚”直升机(中国称“直-9”)。1992年,哈飞与欧直就EC-120型直升机开展合作,并于2004年在哈飞建立总装线。

2005年12月,中国温家宝总理访法期间,哈飞和欧直签订合作合同。哈飞和欧直分别投入3亿欧元。

2005年12月22日,602所召开六吨级直升机研制动员大会,正式启动该型号的研制工作。此后4年,中法两国工作团队开始进行紧密合作。

2008年,在美国休斯敦直升机博览会上,AC352/EC175以1∶1的模型现身,因其安全性、可靠性及舒适度等优势,成为市场上强有力的竞争者,共接到来自北美、亚洲、欧洲13家公司的111架启动订单。为满足市场需求,欧直决定在2012年批产17架机。

2008年11月4日,在第七届珠海国际航展上,中航工业所属的哈尔滨飞机工业集团有限责任公司举办了直-15直升机新闻发布会。
 

2009年12月17日,EC175-Z15中法合作项目首架直升机在法国马赛成功首飞。并在2011年和2012年分别获得欧洲EASA和中国CAAC的型号合格证。

根据协议,第二架原型机的总装和试飞将在中国进行,2012年分别在中国和法国建成总装生产线,向客户交付首架直升机。

2012年直-15直升机机身正式在哈飞下线。

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