Zhi-10 Attack Helicopter


Date:2010-01-15 Source:internet By:globalmil Viewed:

The Zhi-10 (Z-10) attack helicopter has been developed by Changhe Aircraft Industries Group (CAIG) and China Helicopter Research and Development Institute (CHRDI), both based in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province. Another PRC helicopter manufacturer, Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Company (HAMC), may have also involved in the development programme.


The Z-10 is thought to be in the same class as the Agusta A-129, South African Rooivalk, and German Tiger. Its primary mission is anti-armour and battlefield interdiction, with a secondary capability for air-to-air combat. The helicopter first flew on 29 April 2003. A small number of prototypes have been undergoing test and evaluation.


The PRC began to develop a dedicated attack helicopter in the mid-1990s. AVIC II, the parent company of CAIG and CHRDI, has been working with European partners on a common helicopter dynamic system, which can be used on both the proposed medium helicopter and the attack helicopter. However, no foreign firm has been directly involved in the Z-10 development.

中国在1990年中期开始发展一种专用攻击直升飞机。航空工业第二集团公司(AVIC II),昌河飞机工业集团(CAIG)和中国直升机设计研究所(CHRDI)的母公司,已经同欧洲直升机公司(European)在通用直升飞机动力系统上合作,可能用在被提议的中型直升飞机和攻击直升飞机两者之上。然而,没有外国公司在Z-10发展中直接参与。

The helicopter is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67C turboshaft engines. The PRC will need to obtain the engine production license, or develop an alternative engine before the serial production of the helicopter can begin.

直升飞机动力由二台普惠加拿大公司PT6C-67 C涡轴发动机提供。中国将会获得发动机制造许可,或在直升飞机能开始序列制造开始之前发展一种可供替代的发动机。


Internet source photos revealed that the Z-10 has a conventional attack helicopter layout, with the pilot and weapons operator seated in tandem, stepped cockpits. The helicopter has a five-blade main rotor and a four-blade tail rotor. Two engines are podded to the helicopter just to the rear of the cockpit. The fuselage has a sloped side to reduce its radar cross section (RCS), and is slender and tapered to the rear, with fixed landing gear. The tail boom tapers to the rear, with a high, swept-back fin with square tip. The flats are unequally tapered with a square tip, while the belly fin has the rear landing wheel attached. The tail rotor is mounted on the right side.



The helicopter is thought to be fitted with a ‘fly-by-wire‘ (FBW) control system, and a modern glass cockpit with multifunctional display (MFD) screens. The helicopter crew may also be equipped with a helmet-mounted sight (HMS) for head-up display of information and weapon control.



The helicopter is fitted with a cannon (23mm?) mounted under the nose. Two stub wings provide four stores stations for external ordinance. A new-generation anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) HJ-10 is currently in development. The missile is thought to be comparable to the U.S. AGM-114 Hellfire. The helicopter can carry up to eight missiles under the stub wings for anti-armour role. Alternatively, the helicopter can carry unguided rocket pods for ground attack, or TY-90 short-range air-to-air missiles for air combat.


直升飞机在机鼻下配备一门机炮(23 毫米?)。二个短翼提供四个武器挂点用于外部武器。新一代反坦克导弹(ATGM))HJ-10目前在发展中。导弹被认为可与美国AGM-114“地狱火”相比较。直升飞机能为反装甲任务在短翼下携带八枚导弹。二者择一,直升飞机能为地面攻击携带非制导火箭荚舱,或携带TY-90近距空对空导弹用于空中战斗。

Electronic Equipments

An observation unit consisting of a forward looking infrared (FLIR) and a low-light television is mounted on a steerable platform at the nose of the helicopter. The electronic countermeasures (ECM) suite consists of radar warning receiver (RWR), laser warning receiver, infrared jammer and chaff / flare decoy dispenser.




The Z-10 is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67C turboshaft engines with Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC). The engines have a maximum continuous power of 1,531hp (1,142kw) each.



Last update: 22 April 2008

    Pre:Zhi-9 Utility Helicopter   Next:Zhi-9C/D Naval Helicopter

      Zhi-15 (EC 175) Medium Helicopter  
      中国直-15(EC 175)中型直升飞机
          Chinese state media reported that Harbin and Eurocopter signed an agreement to jointly develop and produce a 6,000kg class helicopter known as Z-15 in its Chinese designation in Paris in December 2005.... [2013-10-27]
      Zhi-11 Utility Helicopter  
          The Z-11 was modelled after the successful design of the French AS 350B Squirrel helicopter, which first flew in 1974. However, the Z-11 was not simply a reverse-engineered copy of the AS 350B.... [2010-01-21]
      Zhi-9W Attack Helicopter  
          The attack helicopter, designated Zhi-9W (Z-9W), features a pair of external weapon pylon and a roof-mounted optical sight for target searching and tracking in daylight.... [2010-01-19]
      Zhi-9C/D Naval Helicopter  
          The Zhi-9C (Z-9C) is the naval helicopter developed by the Harbin Aircraft Manufacture Co. (HAMC) for shipborne anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and search and rescue (SAR) missions.... [2010-01-17]